The red grape comes from France, There are over 80 Synonyms that testify to the old age and worldwide distribution of the vine. The most important are Agreste Noir, Auvernat Teint, Bluttraube, Bourguignon Noir, Färbertraube, Gros Noir, Moreau, Neraut, Nerone, Noir d'Orléans, Plant d'Espagne, Pontac, Pontack, Pontiac, Rubintraube, Tachard, Teint-Vin, Teinturier , Teinturier à Bois Rouge, Teinturier Mâle, ink cluster, ink wine, Uva Tinta and Vin Tint. Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities to the varieties Pinot complexion. Tinta Francisca (Complexion mâle) or others Teinturier varieties be confused.
The very old variety may have been mentioned in 1564 in a work by agronomists Charles Estienne (1504-1564) and Jean Liébaut (1535-1596) under the name Neraut. Under complexion or Plant d'Espagne it was named in 1667 as a variety in the area of Orléans (Loire), where it was used as a coloring agent for blends. According to last done in 2018 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ) x unknown variety. So is Pinot (probably Pinot Noir) a "grandparent", which in turn is the synonym Auvernat complexion explained.
The French breeder Louis Bouschet crossing made in 1824 Aramon Noir x Teinturier du Cher with the result Petit Bouschet is considered one of the first successful new varieties and was the starting point for many other dyeing grapes. The Teinturier du Cher variety is thus, so to speak, the starting point for almost all Teinturier varieties. It was also a crossing partner for the new varieties, which are often also considered to be color grapes Aspiran Bouschet. Bouschet wholesale. Cabernet Mitos. Deckrot. dark fields. kolor. Palas. Pervomaisky and Petit Bouschet, The early ripening vine produces colorful, tannic Red wines.
It no longer plays a role in France. Already in the 17th century it was in South Africa introduced. Back then there was Bordeaux a well-known winery of the de Pontac family, where the synonym probably comes from. It was made for a variant of the historic sweet wine Constantia and used for port style wines. After phylloxera It was increasingly replaced at the end of the 19th century. Today, it is only grown in small quantities by a few producers, for example Lost everything ( Swartland ) and Little Constantia, In 2010 only for Portugal ( Beiras. Ribatejo ) 7 hectares of vineyards reported (Kym Anderson ).
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn-Institu t (JKI)