Name (also crisis distillation) for a measure within the European Union
to reduce the overproduction of wine. At the expense of the EU surpluses
distilled. The distilled wine is then used only for industrial purposes and as a biofuel. In 2005, for example, these were 3 million hectoliters of French and 2.6 million hectoliters of Italian wine (that is 5% of the total production of these two countries). The whole action caused costs in the amount of 131 million euros. This custom is not uncontroversial, because this distillation
Although it gives the producers a temporary relief, it does not take into account that too much wine is being produced in Europe. In the opinion of the critics, it would be more expedient, through winegrowing areas clearing
to reduce. This was also decided in the course of the EU Wine Market Regulation, which came into force in August 2009 (see under wine law
in section GMO).