The red grape variety comes from the United States, Synonyms include Bergerac, Bull's Seedling, Concord Crni, Corin, Cornin, Dalmadin, Fehérhatu, Fekete Noah, Furmin Noir, Gorin, Gurin, Jurka, Kék Olasz, Koncord, Konkordi, Konkordia, Nyarfalevelü, Nyarlevelü, Olasz Kék, Ripadella, Ripatella, Ripertella and Ripotella. The last four synonyms refer to the previously considered independent species Ripatella, Only in 2016 was through DNA analysis in Geisenheim (Rheingau) found that this is genetically identical to the Concord. The exact origin of the variety was not until 2016 on Julius Kühn Institute (Geilweilerhof) DNA analysis determined. She comes from a cross between Catawba (Vitis labrusca x Sémillon x Vitis labrusca,
The Concord was the result of a ten-year, elaborate selection. The "Father of the Concord Grape" Ephraim Wales Bull (1806-1895) sat in 1843 in the city of Concord in Massachusetts the cores of one wild grape and increased this to 22,000 cuttings, From this he chose until 1849 a single vine. Nearby was a Catawba vine, which was always suspected as a parent. He increased and selected these further. The final result was presented in 1853, about which there is even the historical photograph below. Bull then named the variety in 1854 to the nearby town of Concord. From the 1860s, she then found as "Grape of the Millions" widespread in the northeast of the United States.
The first (pasteurized) grape juice from Concord grapes was from a certain Dr. Thomas Bramwell Welch produced in 1869, which is why he is the founder of the later expanding US fruit juice industry. His son Dr. Charles Edgar Welch (1852-1926) produced a grape jam and called it Grapelade, By her excellent resistance against the phylloxera At the beginning of the phylloxera catastrophe in the last third of the 19th century, the grape variety was widely cultivated in Europe, especially in France, and quickly became popular. A description written in 1881 at a congress in Bordeaux even rates the wine made from Concord as "delicious in taste with a very charming flavor Foxton ". But even with the Concord the phylloxera problem could not be solved.
The importance of the vine proves that 75% of all grapes in the eastern United States descend from the Concord. in the VIVC varietals catalog of Geilweilerhofes are listed more than a hundred varieties. These are z. B. Adelaide. Beauty of Minnesota. beta. Black Eagle. Black Defiance. Challenge. Concord Seedless. Conquistador. Cottage. Dutchess. Gill Wylie. Kentucky. Monroe. Moore's Diamond. Niagara. Oberon. triumph and Woodruff, There are still many openly dimmed Concord seedlings whose paternity is unknown. These are for example Adeline. Capital. Chautauqua. Eaton. ester. Golden Concord. Horns. Jumbo Red. King. Lexington. Magnate. Moore Early. Sunbelt. Urbana (1), Victoria (3) Witt. Yonkers, On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the selection, the exhibition "The Concord Grape: An American Classic" was opened in the Museum of Concord in 1999.
The early-ripening, high-yielding vine is sensitive to fungal diseases, She is very vulnerable to eutypa dieback. black rot and Black spots disease and a little less for fake ones mildew. anthracnose and Botrytis, Due to their resistance against frost It is especially suitable for cooler areas. It yields red wines of moderate alcohol content with pronounced Foxton, That's why it only has meaning for sweet wine. sparkling wine. table grapes. grape juice and jam. Also kosher wine is won from her.
In the United States Concord in 2010 a total of 8,421 hectares of vineyards and is widespread here, especially in the East. She is there in the States Illinois. Indiana. Michigan. Missouri. new York (with ~ 8,000 ha), Ohio and Pennsylvania represented. Other stocks were also available in 2010 Brazil (3,543 ha), Japan. Canada (252 ha), Peru and Uruguay (22 ha). In Austria (Burgenland) becomes Concord for the local specialty Uhudler used. The variety took in 2010 a total of 12,238 hectares of vineyards worldwide. Compared to 1990 with then 30,513 hectares, there was a strong reduction. It thus proved in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 59.
Picture above left: By Wolfgang Lendl - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Top right: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)
Picture bottom left : DeadFred Genealogy Photo Archive
Bottom right: By unknown, PD-US , Link