The (now) scientifically proven and hardly disputable fact of one (too) quick climate change it happened (also because of that) in viniculture to rethink. Since the mid-1990s, there has been an increasing trend, particularly in regions and countries with a hot climate vines to be planted in cooler, continental influenced and mostly also higher lying areas. The traditional ones are preferred varieties who like the cool climate and the long ripening period ( Maturity date ) to accommodate. In general, wine growing is continental climate or climatic influence a summer with hot days and cold nights, a low-rain, mild autumn and a winter with also violent frost, Overall, there is rather dry Weather with about 500 to 600 millimeters rainfall per year.
With Cool Climate Winegrowing, the vineyards are often planted at altitudes up to 750 meters above sea level. Ideally, in summer during the day, high temperatures and lots of sunshine ensure optimal grape ripeness and cool nights produce good acid and fruit aromas. Through a mild and dry autumn, the vines can run the full length of the growing season use. Such wines are usually characterized by fresher looking fruitiness. aromatik and a balanced one acidity out. This is particularly true in countries of the world New world such as Australia. Chile. New Zealand and the United States, but also in some traditional European ones wine-producing countries increasingly applied.
in the precision viticulture one tries with highly scientific methods at the Weingarten-management to take certain climatic conditions into account. In Canada there is the institute CCOVI (Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute) as a branch of study Brock University, In 2006 the World Congress was held Climate Change and Wine brought to life. See the topic especially under climate Change,