By the now scientifically proven and hardly arguable fact of a (too) fast climate change it came (also therefore) among other things in the viniculture to a rethink. Since the mid-1990s, there has been an increasing start, especially in regions and countries with a hot climate vines to grow in cooler, continental-influenced and mostly higher-lying areas. It prefers to use the traditional ones varieties the cool climate and the long maturation period ( Maturity date ). In general, one understands by a viticulture with continental climate or climatic influence a summer with hot days and cold nights, a rain-poor, mild autumn and a winter with also violent frost, Overall, it is rather dry Weather with about 500 to 600 millimeters rainfall per year.
At the Cool Climate Winegrowing the vineyards are often created at altitudes up to 750 meters above sea level. Ideally, in the summer during the day, high temperatures and plenty of sunshine ensure optimum grape ripeness and, thanks to cool nights, good acidity and fruit aromas. Through a mild and dry autumn, the vines can cover the entire length of the growing season use. Such wines are usually characterized by fresher-looking fruitiness. aromatik and a balanced acidity out. This is especially true in countries of the New world such as Australia. Chile. New Zealand and the USA but also in some traditional European ones wine-producing countries increasingly applied.
in the precision viticulture one tries with high scientific methods at the Weingarten-management to take into account certain climatic conditions. In Canada There is the Institute CCOVI (Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute) as a branch of study of Brock University, In 2006 became the World Congress Climate Change and Wine brought to life. See the topic complex especially under climate Change,