The Australian Wine growing area (GI) is located in the city of Penola in the zone Limestone Coast in the south of the state of South Australia. The name comes from the Aboriginal language and means something like "honey sucker" (Honeysuckle). A special feature is the reddish-colored, iron-containing soil type Terra Rossa, As early as the 1860s, settlers became aware of the special properties of this soil. At first, this stain was only used for fruit growing. Immigrant Scotsman John is considered the father of the wine-growing region, which also gave it the name Riddoch (1827-1901), in the field of wineries Katnook Estate and Wynns At the beginning of the 1890s, vineyards were planted for the first time, 800 hectares of land were sold and a boom was triggered. From 1960 onwards the optimum suitability for red wines, especially those from Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon, was recognized.
The peculiarity of the 14.5 km long and only 1.5 km wide strip in the shape of a cigar lies in the henna-red, iron-containing earth, which is only five to 50 centimeters deep. Underneath there is a 1.5 to 2 meter high layer of limestone with an underlying groundwater table constantly nourished by the mountains. The second most important factor is the very special climate. Coonawarra is the southernmost wine growing area in the state of South Australia, only 60 kilometers from the cool ocean (Tasman Sea) with its cold Antarctic winds. Winter is cold with abundant precipitation, spring is cool and often icy. A mild, dry summer is followed by a long, cool autumn. This results in a relatively long and cooler vine growth cycle, whereby the intensity of the aromas in the grapes is slowly built up and a balanced acidity can develop. The Coonawarra area is mainly due to that climate and the soil quality the French area Médoc (Bordeaux) very similar.
The vineyards cover around 3,200 hectares of vineyards. The main types of red wine are Cabernet Sauvignon. Shiraz. Pinot Noir and Merlot, the most important types of white wine Chardonnay. Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc, Well-known producers are Accolade Wines, Balnaves, Bowen Estate, Brand's, Hollick, Jamiesons Run, Katnook Estate Leconfield Lindeman's Majella Mildara. Orlando Parker estate Penfolds, Penley Estate, Petaluma, Redman, Rosemount Estate. Rymill. Wolf pale. Wynns (Picture above) and Zema Estate. Due to the rather similar ground, the area to the north Padthaway referred to as the Coonawarra twin.