The Australian Winegrowing Area (GI) is located about 400 kilometers south of Adelaide near the town of Penola in the state of South Australia. The name comes from the Aboriginal language and means something like "honey sucker" (Honeysuckle). A special feature is the reddish colored, iron-containing soil type Terra Rossa, Already in the 1860s settlers became aware of the special feature of this soil. At first, this patch was used only for fruit growing. As the father of the wine-growing region, which gave him the name, the immigrant Scot John applies Riddoch (1827-1901), in the field of wineries Katnook Estate and Wynns At the beginning of the 1890s, vineyards were planted for the first time, 800 hectares of land were sold, triggering a boom. From 1960 it was recognized the optimal suitability for red wines, especially from Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon.
The peculiarity of the 14.5 km long and only 1.5 km wide stripes in cigar form lies in the henna-red, iron-rich earth, which is only five to 50 centimeters deep. Underneath is a 1.5 to 2 meter high layer of limestone with underlying groundwater level constantly nourished from the mountains. The second most important factor is the very special climate. Coonawarra is the southernmost wine-growing area in the state of South Australia, just 60 kilometers from the cool ocean (Tasman Sea) with its cold Antarctic winds. Winter is cold with abundant rainfall, the spring is cool and often icy. A mild, dry summer is followed by a long, cool autumn. This results in a relatively long and cool for the vines growth cycle whereby the intensity of the aromas in the grapes is slowly built up and a balanced acidity can develop. The Coonawarra area is mainly due to the climate and the soil quality the French area Médoc (Bordeaux) very similar.
The vineyards cover about 3,200 hectares of vineyards. The most important red wines are Cabernet Sauvignon. Shiraz. Pinot Noir and Merlot, the most important white varieties Chardonnay. Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc, Well-known producers are Accolade Wines, Balnaves, Bowen Estate, Brand's, Hollick, Jamie's Run, Katnook Estate, Leconfield, Lindeman's, Majella, Mildara. Orlando, Parker Estate, Penfolds, Penley Estate, Petaluma, Redman, Rosemount Estate. Rymill. Wolf pale. Wynns (Picture above) and Zema Estate. Due to the very similar soil is the northern area Padthaway referred to as Coonawarra twin.