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Cordon de Royat

Term (also Cordon for short) for an education system in use in France since the end of the 19th century (also Cordon for short). This cordon was proposed by Lefèvre, director of the French agricultural college in Royat (Auvergne). One or two cordons with four to six shoots each, which extend to the next vine, are raised differently per appellation on a short trunk. The system is said to be low yield and thus ensure better quality.

Form of education Cordon de Royat Left picture: © CIVC , Epernay / Jean-Philippe Kahn
Right: Par Susan - originally posted to Flickr as Old vines , CC BY 2.0 , Link

The system is next to Chablis, Guyot and Vallée de la Marne the fourth registered in the Champagne, There are particularly strict guidelines for this. It is mainly used for Pinot Noir recommended. Just one cordon is allowed on the at a distance of at least 15 centimeters shoots grow tall. Each shoot may 2 eyes have (at Chardonnay 3, the first is sterile). Also allowed is a shoot at the end, which is actually an extension of the supporting timber; this shoot may have up to 4 eyes (with Chardonnay or Pinot Noir 5). See also lists below training system, (Systems) and Weingarten Care (Activities).

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