The island (Greek Kerkyra) is the second largest with almost 650 km² Ionian Islands, It is the westernmost gateway of Greece at the entrance of the Ionian to the Adriatic Sea. Through this exposed location, the island was a constant challenge for conquest desires of the Greeks, Romans, Illyrians, Ottomans and Venetians. Only by Napoleon (1769-1821) lost Venice his rule and Corfu first became French, then in 1815 British protectorate until 1864 with the liberated Greece was united.
The island is dominated by two mountains, which divide them into three parts. In the north there are small, fertile valleys, where mainly red grape varieties are grown. The middle part has lush vegetation, fertile plains and dense forests on the mountains. On the flat southern part mainly white varieties are cultivated. On about 1,800 hectares of vineyards are the white wine varieties Kakotrygis. Kozanitis, Moscato Aspro ( Muscat Blanc ) Petrokoritho. Robola as well as the red wines Mavrodaphne and Petrokoritho Mavro cultivated. There are none on the island POP classified appellations. Well-known producers are Karpo, Theotikis and Vasiliakis.