The red grape variety comes from the aosta Valley in Italy at the Swiss border. The name probably derives from "corniolo", the Italian name for the cornelian cherry. Synonyms are Broblanc, Cornallin, Corniola, Cargnola ( Italy ); Cornalin d'Aoste, Cornalino, Humagne Rouge ( Switzerland ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Olivette Noire (Corniola Nera), Petit Rouge or Rouge du Pays (Cornalin du Valais).
The variety was widespread in the 19th century in the Italian Aosta Valley. Towards the end she arrived in the Swiss canton Wallis but has been called Humagne Rouge for almost a century (but not with the variety) Humagne Blanche related). The biologists Giulio Moriondo and dr. Joseph. Vouillamoz completed in 1999 DNA analysis notes that the formerly independent Cornalin d'Aoste (Cornalin) and Humagne Rouge are identical. It also turned out that Cornalin from a natural cross between Rouge du Pays and an unknown and probably already extinct variety has emerged. It was also clarified that the previously assumed equality with the variety Petit Rouge does not correspond to the facts. In Switzerland Cornalin becomes a grape variety group Old plants counted.
The late-ripening vine is generally resistant to fungal diseases, It produces colorful red wines with rustic, smoky tannins and aromas of black fruits and pepper. The variety is cultivated in the Italian Aosta Valley on just one hectare and is approved here in the region DOC wine. In the Switzerland In contrast, the acreage in 2010 totaled 244 hectares (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)