The approximately 8,700 km ² island (French Corse) is located 160 kilometers southeast of the coast France, In the 6th century BC Became Corsica of the Phoenicians they settled Korai (covered with forest). Mid-3rd century BC Chr., The island came under Roman rule. Around 1000 AD, Pisa regained supremacy and reactivated the viticulture ruined by the fall of the Roman Empire. From the end of the 13th century Genoa then took over the rule. Probably in Calvi on the northwestern coast Christoph Columbus (1451-1506) was born. In 1572, the Genoese decreed that every family had to plant four vines. The island was sold to France in 1768, a year later in Ajaccio Napoleon (1769-1821). As emperor, this gave his home the special privilege to sell the wine without tax. In the middle of the 19th century there were still about 20,000 hectares of vineyards and three quarters of the population lived from viticulture. It came to a total decline by the phylloxera,
Only from the beginning of the 1960s, the winegrowing was revived by Algerian French. These planted mass-produced varieties on a large scale and Corsica became the wine lake Europe. A vineyard clearing was initiated by the EU in the 1980s. The mass support were largely replaced by noble grape varieties and reduced the vineyard to about 7,500 hectares today. This has contributed greatly to a quality increase. The climate is sunnier than in the motherland France, there are hot summers and rainy, sunny autumns. However, the location on the Mediterranean and the many mountains cause relatively large weather fluctuations with different climatic conditions in each area.
Red wines, 40% rosé wines and 10% white wines are produced at 50%. Important red wines are Aleatico. Alicante Henri Bouschet. Barbarossa. Cabernet Sauvignon. Carcajolo Noir ( Parraleta ), Carignan Noir ( mazuelo ) Cinsault. Merlot, Nielluccio ( Sangiovese ), Sciaccarello ( mammolo ) and Syrah; important white wines are Biancone. Biancu Gentile, Carcajolo Blanc ( Bariadorgia ), Genovese ( Scimiscià ), Malvoisie de Corse or Vermentinu ( Vermentino ) Muscat Blanc and Ugni Blanc ( Trebbiano Toscano ). The areas are: