The red grape variety comes from France. There are around 130 Synonyms, which testify to the presumably old age and wide distribution in Europe and overseas. The most important, alphabetically grouped by country, are Agreste, Auxerrois, Auxerrois des Moines de Picpus, Beraou, Blanc de Kienzheim, Bouchalès, Bouyssales, Cahors, Cau, Cauly, Coly, Coq Rouge, Cor, Cors, Cos, Côt, Cot a Queue Verte , Cot de Bordeaux, Cot de Pays, Cot de Touraine, Cot Malbec, Cots, Cruchinet, Doux Noir, Estrangey, Étranger, Grifforin, Grosse Mérille, Hourcat, Jacobain, Jacobin, Jacohin, Lutkens, Malbec, Malbec à Queue Rouge, Malbeck , Mancin, Monrame, Pied de Perdrix, Pressac, Noir de Chartres, Noir de Pressac, Prunelat, Prunieral, Quercy, Quille de Coqu, Vesparo ( France ); Malbech ( Italy ); Cagors, Nuar de Presac ( Moldova ); Malbec, Malbeck ( South America ); Médoc Noir (formerly Hungary ).
Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Abouriou (Malbec Argenté), bouchalès. Canari Noir. Mancin. Menoir. Négrette or Prunelard be confused. It is also not a color mutation of the white variety Auxerrois, By Jean-Michel Boursiquot Carried out in 2009 DNA analysis revealed that Cot is believed to be an intersection Magdeleine Noire des Charentes x Prunelard arose. And out of an intersection Folle Blanche x Cot resulted Jurançon Noir, Cot was a crossing partner of the new varieties Cabernet Malbec. Caladoc. Odola and Semebat,
According to a hypothesis, the vine was grown in the 16th century under King François I (1494-1547) Cahors (Southwest France) imported and also in the Champagne grown. A certain Malbeck spread the vine extensively in the 18th century Bordeaux and thus coined the name Malbec, which is common here and overseas. In Saint-Emilion it is also named after an unknown person, Pressac , who spread the vine in this area. And in western France it is usually referred to as Cot or Côt .
The medium-ripening vine is sensitive to frost, as well as prone to wrong people mildew. Black spots disease and Verrieseln, It produces dark-colored, fruity-spicy, alcohol-rich red wines with diverse aromas of plums, blueberries, spices, dark chocolate and tobacco, Cot belongs to the extended circle of the best grape varieties in the world, the Cépages nobles, In France, the vine is next to the main growing area Cahors with 70% in many other appellations Southwest France, such as Languedoc authorized. It is also part of the Bordeaux blend, but has lost importance here (900 ha today compared to 5,000 ha at the end of the 1960s). The French acreage in 2010 totaled 6,123 hectares.
There were further smaller holdings in Europe in the countries Italy (260 ha), Moldova (39 ha), Romania (7 ha), Spain (93 ha), Switzerland (10 h), Turkey (13 ha) and Hungary (1 ha). In the mid-19th century, the French agronomist Michel Aimé led it Pouget (1821-1875) in Argentina one where they are especially in the region Mendoza found ideal conditions and was therefore grown on a large scale. In 2010, it occupied a total of 31,047 hectares of vines under Malbec, making it the most common Argentine variety.
In California she had before prohibition (1920 to 1933) of great importance, but now occupies only 600 hectares. Here it is in the famous Opus One contain. There were other stocks overseas Australia (356 ha), Bolivia. Brazil (37 ha), Chile (1,264 ha), Canada (39 ha), Mexico. New Zealand (156 ha), Peru (10 ha), South Africa (450 ha) and Uruguay (41 ha). The variety occupied a total of 40,663 hectares in 2010 with an upward trend (ten years earlier it was 24,402 hectares). It thus demonstrated in the worldwide varieties ranking rank 21.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)