The area named after the town of Chalon-sur-Sâone (also called Chalonnais for short) lies in the center of the wine-growing region Burgundy between the areas Cote d'Or and Mâconnais and covers around 4,500 hectares of vineyards. It is also called the “Région de Mercurey” after a municipality. But it is not a separate appellation. The city with the port on the Sâone river was already in the Celts and later an important trading place for wine with the Romans, in the riverbed there are more than 25,000 Roman excavations amphorae found. Red wine from the community Givry was one of the many favorite wines from king Henry IV (1553-1610). The predominant soil type is limestone or calcareous clay. The climate is a little drier than in the Cote d'Or,
Mainly 75% are the red wine varieties Pinot Noir. Pinot Liébault and Gamay, as well as 25% white wine varieties Aligoté. Pinot Blanc, Pionot Beurot ( Pinot gris ) Chardonnay and Melon de Bourgogne cultured. There are five communities with their own appeals. According to the Burgundy classification they don't have grands crus, but four of them have premier crus. These five communities are Bouzeron. Givry. Mercurey. Montagny and Rully, Regional appellations are Bourgogne Cote Chalonnaise and Bourgogne Cotes du Couchois, Other well-known municipalities are Chagny, Fontaines, Jambles, Poncey, Saint-Desert and Saint-Valerin. In the Côte Chalonnaise area, large quantities of Crémants (Sparkling wines) under the appellation Crémant de Bourgogne marketed. There are many producers in particular in the municipality of Rully.