The area named after the city of Chalon-sur-Sâone (also called Chalonnais for short) is located in the center of the winegrowing region Burgundy between the areas Côte d'Or and Mâconnais and covers about 4,500 hectares of vineyards. He is referred to a community as "Région de Mercurey". It is not a separate appellation. The city with the harbor on the river Sâone was already in the Celts and later with the Romans an important trading place for wine, in the riverbed one has during excavations over 25,000 Roman amphorae found. Red wine from the community Givry was one of the many favorite wines from king Henry IV (1553-1610). The predominant type of soil is limestone or calcareous clay. The climate is a bit drier than at the Côte d'Or,
Mainly become to 75% the red wines Pinot Noir. Pinot Liébault and Gamay, as well as 25% of the white wine varieties Aligoté. Pinot Blanc, Pionot Beurot ( Pinot Gris ) Chardonnay and Melon de Bourgogne cultured. There are five communities with their own appellations. According to the Burgundy classification They do not have any Grands Crus, but four of them have Premier Crus. These five communities are Bouzeron. Givry. Mercurey. Montagny and Rully, Regional appellations are Bourgogne Côte Chalonnaise and Bourgogne Côtes du Couchois, Other well-known communities are Chagny, Fontaines, Jambles, Poncey, Saint-Desert and Saint-Valerin. In the area Côte Chalonnaise are large quantities Crémants (Sparkling wines) under the appellation name Crémant de Bourgogne marketed. Especially in the town of Rully there are many producers.