The approximately 4,600-acre area (literally translated as "Golden Hang") is considered the heart of Burgundy and consists of a 50-kilometer-long hill chain with many famous wine villages, which string together like pearls on a string. The main town is that of Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) founded as a Roman camp Beaune, Often one identifies the very aptly named Côte d'Or with the great Burgundy wines par excellence. Many of the wines produced here have Grand Cru or Premier Cru status (see also below) Burgundy classification with a complete list of all Grands Crus). The area is divided into the two areas "Côte de Nuits" (1,600 ha) and "Côte de Beaune" (3,000 ha). The wines are mainly varietal pressed, the red Pinot Noir with small shares of Pinot Gris and Pinot Liébault and the white ones out Chardonnay with small shares Aligoté and Pinot Blanc,
In the northern part Côte de Nuits is mainly full-bodied and long-storable red wine produced from the dominant here Pinot Noir. A total of 22 of the 23 red Grand Crus of Burgundy originate from here. The subsoil consists of sandy limestone, which is covered in higher layers with chalky, mixed with marl and clay scree. In lower elevations, nutrient-rich soils prevail. There are long, cold winters, rain in the spring and hot, sunny summers. The relatively common one here hail is particularly dreaded. The most important appellations are Chambolle-Musigny. Côte de Nuits-Villages. Fixin. Gevrey-Chambertin. Marsannay. Morey-Saint-Denis. Nuits-Saint-Georges. Vosne-Romanée (with famous winery Domaine de la Romanée-Conti ) and Vougeot (with historic Grand Cru location Clos de Vougeot ). At the Château de Vougeot has the famous Burgundian Brotherhood Confrérie des Chevaliers du Tastevin your seat.
In the southern part Côte de Beaune The great Burgundy white wines are produced. It is the classic area of the Chardonnays and seven of the eight white Grand Crus are from here. The soil consists of limestone with embedded ironstone and feuersteinhaltigem Clay. Opposite Côte de Nuits, the climate is temperate and humid. In the community area Aloxe-Corton is the legendary vineyard Corton, from where the Charlemagne (742-814) named white wine Corton-Charlemagne originates. Other important white wine appellations are Meursault. Montrachet (with four famous Grand Cru locations), Saint-Aubin and Saint-Romain,
The reds are slightly lighter and less tannic than those of the Côte de Nuits, the only red wine Grand Cru location is Corton. The main appellations of the Côte de Beaune with mainly red wine (and small amounts of white wine) are Aloxe-Corton. Auxey-Duresses. Beaune. Blagny. Chorey-les-Beaune. Côte de Beaune. Côte de Beaune-Villages. ladoix. Maranges. Monthélie. Pommard. Santenay. Savigny-lès-Beaune and Volnay,