The approximately 4,600 hectare area (literally translated "golden slope") is considered the heart of Burgundy denotes and consists of a 50-kilometer-long chain of hills with many famous wine towns that string together like pearls on a string. The main town is that founded by Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) as a Roman camp Beaune, The very apt name Côte d'Or is often identified with the great Burgundy wines par excellence. Many of the wines produced here have Grand Cru or Premier Cru status (see also under Burgundy classification with a complete list of all grands crus). The area is divided into the two areas "Côte de Nuits" (1,600 ha) and "Côte de Beaune" (3,000 ha). The wines are mainly pressed in single varieties, the red ones from Pinot Noir with small portions of Pinot gris and Pinot Liébault and the white ones Chardonnay with small proportions Aligoté and Pinot Blanc,
In the northern part Cote de Nuits Above all, full-bodied and long-aging red wine is produced from the dominating Pinot Noir. A total of 22 of the 23 red Grand Crus of Burgundy come from here. The subsoil consists of sandy limestone, which is covered with chalky debris mixed with marl and clay. In low altitudes, nutrient-rich alluvial soils predominate. There are long, cold winters, rain in spring and hot, sunny summers. The relatively common one here hail is particularly feared. The main appellations are Chambolle-Musigny. Cote de Nuits Villages. Fixin. Gevrey-Chambertin. Marsannay. Morey-Saint-Denis. Nuits-Saint-Georges. Vosne-Romanée (with famous winery Domaine de la Romanée-Conti ) and Vougeot (with historical Grand Cru location Clos de Vougeot ). At the Château de Vougeot has the famous Burgundy brotherhood Confrérie des Chevaliers du Tastevin your seat.
In the southern part Cote de Beaune the great Burgundy white wines are produced. It is the classic area of Chardonnays and seven of the eight white grand crus come from here. The floor is made of limestone with embedded ironstone and feuersteinhaltigem Clay. Compared to Côte de Nuits, the climate is more temperate and humid. In the community area Aloxe-Corton is the legendary Corton vineyard, from where the to Charlemagne (742-814) named white wine Corton-Charlemagne. Other important white wine appellations are Meursault. Montrachet (with four famous Grand Cru locations), Saint-Aubin and Saint-Romain,
The red wines are slightly lighter and less tannic than those of the Côte de Nuits, the only red wine grand cru location is Corton. The main appellations of the Côte de Beaune with mainly red wine (and small amounts of white wine) are Aloxe-Corton. Auxey-Duresses. Beaune. Blagny. Chorey-les-Beaune. Cote de Beaune. Cote de Beaune-Villages. ladoix. Maranges. Monthélie. Pommard. Santenay. Savigny-lès-Beaune and Volnay,