As Cru (top appellation) classified area in the northern section of the Rhone on the right bank. The name means "roasted or roasted slopes" and describes the hot, dry climate or the sun-drenched vineyards (analogous to the appellation further south) Cornas ). The area is one of the oldest wine-growing areas France, Already the Romans practiced viticulture around the turn of the century and one of the first lovers of wine was the famous Roman poet Martial (40-102). The vineyards cover about 300 hectares of vineyards and are divided into three sub-areas. These are Tupin et Semons in the south, the central area around Ampuis and Verenay and St-Cyr-Sur-Le-Rhône in the north. Around the central area located two layers Côte Brune (iron-containing clay) and Côte Blonde (calcareous) entwines a legend. Here, in the 16th century, the feudal lord Maugiron is said to have inherited the estate from his two daughters, one of whom was blond and the other brunette. The two soil types result in character different wines.
The soil consists of gneiss or mica schist, however, a distinction is made in over 70 different layers with different soil types. The climate is a mix of continental and Mediterranean influences. The local north wind called "Bise" protects the vines from too much heat. In part, there are extremely steep, terassierte Vineyards that belong to the steepest vineyards Of Europe count. The dark-colored, tanninreiche Red wine is one of the greats of France, only after a long time bottle aging to maturity arrives. This only applies to the privileged areas (not for flat plateau elevations). The best locations are the historic Côte Blonde and Côte Brune, Les Grandes Places, La Landonne, Les Moutonnes and La Viallière. He will out of at least 80% Syrah and the white wine variety Viognier gekeltert, where the grapes together with mixed fermentation are processed. As a special vintages apply in 1978, 1989, 1990, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2009. Well-known producers are Pierre Barge, Bernard Burgaud, Champet, Chapoutier, Clusel-Roch, Delas, Pierre Gaillard, Guigal. Jaboulet-Aîné. Joseph Jamet, Jasmine, Ogier, Domaine René Rostaing and Vidal-Fleury.