The regional appellation extends on both banks of the Rhone over 200 kilometers from Vienne in the north to Avignon in the south. The classification was granted as early as 1937. It covers some areas of the northern and major parts of the southern section of the Rhone. Therefore, this appellation is also sometimes used as a synonym for the entire Rhône Valley. The vineyards cover 42,000 hectares of vineyards in the six départements Ardèche. Drôme. Gard, Loire, Rhône and Vaucluse, More than 90% produce red wines and only 2% white wines, which also applies to the entire region. For the most part, it is by means Macération carbonique produced light, fruity Red wines as Primeur be marketed for quick enjoyment.
The most important red wines are Carignan Noir. Cinsault, Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah, the most important white wines Clairette, Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Marsanne. Roussanne and Viognier, The next higher quality level are the wines Côtes du Rhône-Villages (see there the most famous producers) with stricter provisions such as lower maximum yields. Of the 105 municipalities, 20 may indicate the commune name. A total of 16 Rhône areas have the regional status "Cru", which means the rank of a top appellation. In a broader sense, these are part of the appellation Côtes du Rhône, which is why the label also mentions "Cru des Côtes du Rhône". They make the quality top.