The regional appellation extends on both banks of the Rhone Over 200 kilometers from Vienne in the north to Avignon in the south. The classification was issued in 1937. It covers some areas of the northern and large parts of the southern section of the Rhône. That is why this appellation is sometimes used as a synonym for the entire Rhône Valley. The vineyards cover 42,000 hectares of vineyards in the six departments Ardèche. Drôme. Gard, Loire, Rhone and Vaucluse, Over 90% red wines and only 2% white wines are produced, which also applies to the entire region. Most of them are Maceration carbonique produced light, fruity Red wines that as Primeur be marketed for quick enjoyment.
The main red wine varieties are Carignan Noir. Cinsault, Grenache Noir ( Garnacha Tinta ), Mourvèdre ( Monastrell ) and Syrah, the most important types of white wine Clairette, Grenache Blanc ( Garnacha Blanca ) Marsanne. Roussanne and Viognier, The next higher quality level are the wines Cotes du Rhone-Villages (see the best known producers there) with stricter regulations such as lower maximum yields. Of the 105 municipalities, 20 are allowed to give the municipality name. A total of 16 Rhône areas have the regional status "Cru", which means the rank of a top appellation. In a broader sense, these belong to the Côtes du Rhône appellation, which is why “Cru des Côtes du Rhône” is also added to the label. They are the top quality.