The famous dessert wine comes from the municipality of the same name (German Kottnersberg) in the northeast Romania
in the Moldova region, close to the borders Moldova
and to Ukraine
, Viticulture was practiced here at least 2,000 years ago. The area flourished under the rule of Prince Stephen the Great (1435-1504), who became famous in 1474 for his victory against the Turks, Hungary and Poland. Cotnari wine was first mentioned in records in 1448. In 1891 the phylloxera
almost all vineyards destroyed. From the 17th century the wine was known on the princely courts all over Europe, competed with the Tokaj
and was offered in the top restaurants as "Perle de la Moldavie".
The Cotnari wine is made from various white grape varieties, with good rotten grapes used in good years. The main variety is Grasă de Cotnari
, from which the best and sweetest "king version" is won. This golden-yellow wine with a taste of walnuts and beeswax matures in the barrel for a maximum of one year, in contrast to the Tokajer but with complete air exclusion. The yield is limited to a maximum of 6,000 kilograms of grapes per hectare. This wine has at least 12% vol alcohol and reaches at least 60 to 80 g / l of residual sugar. Further versions are made from the varieties Feteasca Alba
(dry) and Tamâioasa Romaneasca Muscat Blanc
(sweet) pressed. Some of the varieties are also blended together.