The French scholar Georges Couderc (1850-1928) came from a noble family and studied geology, Mineralogy and paleontology at the École des Mines in Paris, and medicine in Montpellier (The spelling "Coud rec " often appears incorrectly in sources). From the mid-1870s, he worked on the Champfleuri family estate in the Ardèche department (southeastern France) on plant protection from insects. At that time it was in France Phylloxera disaster precisely at the peak and the insect is already known as the cause.
Georges Couderc mainly specialized in breeding phylloxera-resistant documents and created several hundred named after him hybrids, He mainly used the American species Vitis riparia and Vitis rupestris, and also Vitis berlandieri. Vitis labrusca and Vitis lincecumii which he partly with European Vitis vinifera varieties such as Bourrisquou crossed. His most successful underlay vines are 1613 C, 161-49 C, 1616 C and 3309 C, some of which are still used today. Wine grapes created by him include Couderc 13. Couderc Noir. Muscat du Moulin. Panache Blanc and Pineau Couderc,