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Craie à bélemnites

French term for a special type of chalk (belemnite chalk, shell lime), which literally means "chalk of the belemnites". The Belemniten (thunderbolt or devil's finger) was a group of cephalopods with ten tentacles and an ink bag and resembled today's squid in appearance. They lived in the coastal area of the oceans close to the surface of the water and were widespread from the Lower Carboniferous period to the end of the Cretaceous period, that is until about 65 million years ago. This type of chalk is a typical part of the soil in the French Champagne that of the grape varieties and thus the wine made from them champagne gives the distinctive aroma. This chalk was used here by the Romans to build roads. Today, the kilometer-long caves created by the quarries serve as ideal wine cellars with a temperature of 10 to 11 ° C and 70 to 90% humidity,

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