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The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.493 Keywords • 49.911 Synonyms • 5.295 Translations • 7.929 Pronunciations • 144.742 Cross-references

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crater

In the antique Greece used bulbous wine vessel (also Crater, Kratér) in the form of a bell or pitcher with wide mouth overhead. The name means "mixed pitcher". These vessels were made of clay or bronze and decorated with reliefs and paintings. Most had a height of 30 to 45 centimeters and a volume of about 50 to 100 liters. The first of the many artifacts found date back to the 10th century BC. The vessel was used for the then usual mixing of wine with water. At the symposium It was used regularly, as witnessed by drinking scenes on Greek vase paintings. It stood on the ground next to the campers. From the crater, the wine was then in the smaller oinochoai (Chous, Olpe) filled and from there into handy drinking vessels like kantharos poured.

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