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crater

In the antique Greece used bulbous wine vessel (also Crater, Kratér) in the form of a bell or pitcher with wide mouth overhead. The name means "mixed pitcher". These vessels were made of clay or bronze and decorated with reliefs and paintings. Most had a height of 30 to 45 centimeters and a volume of about 50 to 100 liters. The first of the many artifacts found date back to the 10th century BC. The vessel was used for the then usual mixing of wine with water. At the symposium It was used regularly, as witnessed by drinking scenes on Greek vase paintings. It stood on the ground next to the campers. From the crater, the wine was then in the smaller oinochoai (Chous, Olpe) filled and from there into handy drinking vessels like kantharos poured.

three different craters Crater of Vix: From Unknown - Peter Northover: Virginia.edu/Barbarians , CC BY-SA 2.5 , Link

A particularly large specimen is the famous "crater of Vix". Vix is ​​a place in the Burgundian area Côte d'Or near the Seine, where in 1952 a grave of a Celtic Princess of the 6th century v. Chr. Was found. One of the grave goods was a bronze crater, which was made according to the design in a Greek workshop (Sparta?). He must be in trade between the Greeks and Celts got here. The 164 cm high and 208.6 kg heavy crater has a volume of 1,100 liters. The two handles on top each end in a Gorgon's bust (winged figures). At the neck is a half relief, which shows heavily armed foot soldiers and four-in-hand wagons. See topic group also under Ancient wines. Kottabos. Satyricon. drinking culture and a list of drinking vessels from ancient times to the present time wine vessels,

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