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crater

In ancient times Greece used bulbous wine vessel (also crater, crater) in the shape of a bell or jug with a wide mouth at the top. The name means "Mischkrug". These vessels were made of clay or bronze and provided with reliefs and paintings. Most had a height of 30 to 45 centimeters and a volume of about 50 to 100 liters. The first of the many artifacts found date from the 10th century BC. The vessel was used to mix wine with water at the time. At the symposium it was used regularly, as evidenced by drinking scenes on Greek vase paintings. It stood on the floor next to the campers. The crater then turned the wine into smaller ones oinochoai (Chous, Olpe) and from there into handy drinking vessels like kantharos poured.

Crater - Attica 460 BC BC / Corinth 550 BC BC / Vix crater 6th century BC Chr.

A particularly large example is the famous "Vix crater". Vix is a place in the Burgundian area Cote d'Or near the Seine, where in 1952 a grave of a Celtic Princess from the 6th century v. BC was found. One of the grave goods was a bronze crater, which was designed in a Greek workshop (Sparta?). It must be in trade between the Greeks and Celts got here. The 164 cm high and 208.6 kg heavy crater has a volume of 1,100 liters. The two handles on top each end in a Gorgon bust (winged figures). There is a semi-relief on the neck, which shows heavily armed foot fighters and carriages with a team of four. See also under the topic Ancient wines. Kottabos. Satyricon. drinking culture and a list of drinking vessels from ancient times to the present day wine vessels,

Vix: From Unknown - Virginia.edu/Barbarians , CC BY-SA 2.5 , link

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