The largest island with 8,335 km² Greece (Greek: Kriti) in the length of 260 and the width of 60 kilometers lies before the south exit of the Aegean Sea, From west to east Crete is crossed by a mountain range with up to 3000 meters altitude. Between the mountains there are fertile valleys. It was in ancient times the center of the Cretan-Mycenaean culture, came 67 v. Chr. In Roman possession and was then under Eastern Roman, Arab, Venetian and Ottoman rule. Only in 1913 did the island come to Greece. It is believed that the first cultivated vineyards of the Mediterranean area were located in Crete, but it is certainly one of the oldest wine-growing cultures. Near the municipality Archanes During excavations in Vathipetro a wine press was discovered, which dates back to 2000 BC. Chr. In the Middle Ages, the island of Candia was known for its sweet wines Malvasia and muscatel were about the port city Monemvasia ( Peloponnese ) shipped to the whole of Europe.