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Creta (ES)
Crète (F)
Crete (GB)
Creta (I)
Kreta (N)
Creta (PO)

The largest island with 8,335 km² Greece (Grch. Kriti) in the length of 260 and the width of 60 kilometers lies in front of the south exit of the Aegean Sea, From west to east, Crete is crossed by a mountain range up to 3000 meters high. There are fertile valleys between the mountains. It was the center of Cretan-Mycenaean culture in the ancient world, came in 67 BC. BC in Roman possession and was then under Eastern Roman, Arab, Venetian and Ottoman rule. It was only in 1913 that the island came to Greece. It is believed that the first cultivated vineyards in the Mediterranean were on Crete, but it is certainly one of the oldest viticulture cultures. Near the community Archanes a wine press was discovered during excavations in Vathipetro, dating from 2000 BC. Chr. In the Middle Ages the island was called Candia, the sweet wine Malvasia and muscatel were about the port city Monemvasia ( Peloponnese ) shipped all over Europe.

Map of Greece with Crete

Today, the vineyards are around 50,000 hectares, which are mainly in the north of the island, where the mountains protect against the hot desert winds of North Africa. For the most part table grapes and raisins produced, but still 20% of the Greek wine comes from here. It will be almost exclusively autochthonous Grape varieties cultivated, which are the most important Kotsifali. Liatiko. Mandilaria. romeiko. Thrapsathiri and vilana, Until the mid-1970s, the island remained from the phylloxera spared, so most of the vines were unedited. Then the pest struck here too and required a switch to vines with resistant documents,

For a long time, Crete was regarded as a pure producer of extremely high yields over 400 hl / ha mass wines by great Winzergenossenschaften, From the 1990s, there was a gradual rethink. There are four as POP (before OPAP and OPE) classified appellations, these are Archanes (Red wine), Dafnes (Red wine), Peza (Red wine and white wine) and Sitia (Red wine and white wine). Well-known producers are Alexakis, Boutari, Creta Olympias Winery, Digenakis, Douloufakis, Ekonomou, Lyrarakis, Minos Cretan Wines and Milliarakis.

Greece map: From Pitichinaccio - own work, CC BY 3.0 , link
edited by Norbert FJ Tischelmayer 2/2018

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