Peninsula on the Black Sea with the capital Simferopol and the famous spa town Yalta on the south coast. The 25,600 km² Crimea is an independent republic and one of the four winegrowing regions of the Ukraine, She is the home of the famous Crimean champagne, The city of Sudak on the Black Sea is a well-known health resort and a center of wine and sparkling wine production. Nearby is the sunny area Solnechnaya Dolina (Sunny valley) with 300 sunny days a year, after which a large winery is named. Furthermore, here are the Wine Research Institute Magarach and the historic wineries Massandra and Nowy Svet,
In February 2014, it came to civil war-like conditions. The "Crimean Crisis" subsequently led to a referendum in which the majority of the population of the Crimea was reportedly in favor of joining the Russian Federation (but it was estimated that only about 30-50% of the Crimean population was 60% for the separation). Ukraine continues to see Crimea as an autonomous republic and part of its own territory, Russia however, as a separate federal district. The UN has declared the referendum invalid by a large majority, leaving a final status open.