In South America Common name (also Criollo = Creole) for European grape varieties of the species Vitis vinifera that are in the form of seeds or cuttings were introduced by the Spanish Conquistadores from the 16th century, or locally by presumably natural intersections have arisen. The colonization of South America and thus the introduction of viticulture began in Mexico, The Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) found native trees growing in 1519 Wild vines before, but the Aztecs living here were not aware of any alcohol or winemaking from it. Cortez probably had the first European vines planted and wine made from them (see also under New world and United States ).
Mostly, however, the year 1540 is mentioned, in which Spanish Franciscan Fathers in Mexico cultivars like the historic Misión Listán Prieto, but others have also been introduced. A main motivation was the production of the measuring wine, It followed in the next 16 years Peru. Chile and Argentina, Here the variety is grown under many names. Probably natural crosses between Listán Prieto x Muscat d'Alexandrie (possibly in Argentina) produced at least six varieties centuries ago. Listán Prieto, her descendants and other varieties imported from Europe are included in the Criolla group. These are used for the production of wine, however, most of all grape juice. table grapes. raisins and the spirit Pisco used:
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012