In South America Common name (also Criollo = Creole) for European grape varieties of the species Vitis vinifera that are in the form of seeds or cuttings introduced from the 16th century by the Spanish Conquistadores, or locally presumably natural intersections have arisen. The colonization of South America and thus the introduction of viticulture began in Mexico, The Spanish Conquistador Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) found in 1519, although growing on trees, native Wild vines before, but the Aztecs living here was an alcohol or winemaking unknown. The first European vines probably already had Cortez planted and wine from it kernal (see also under New world and United States ).
In most cases, however, the year 1540 is mentioned, in which of Spanish Franciscan patrons in Mexico varieties such as the historic Misión Listán Prieto but others have been introduced. A main motivation was the production of the measuring wine, It followed in the next 16 years Peru. Chile and Argentina, Here the variety is grown under many names. Probably natural crosses between Listán Prieto and Muscat d'Alexandrie (at least in Argentina) were created at least six centuries ago. Listán Prieto, their descendants and other varieties imported from Europe are counted among the Criolla Group. These are used for the production of wine, but above all grape juice. table grapes. raisins and the spirit Pisco used:
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012