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Criolla Grande

The red grape variety comes from Spain or South America and belongs to the group of the so-called Criollas (see the history there in detail). Synonyms are Criolla Grande Sanjuanina, Criolla Sanjuanina, Criolla Sanjuanino, Italia, Sanjuanina Rosada and Uva Tierna. It was either imported to South America (Argentina) with other varieties from Spain (Canary Islands) as early as the mid-16th century or originated there. According to 2012 DNA analysis it comes from a probably natural crossing Criolla Chica ( Listán Prieto ) x Muscat d'Alexandrie, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ).

Criolla Grande group

The grapes of the medium to late ripening, high-yielding vine weigh up to four kilograms. The light red berries produce simple, bright Rosé that are in for mass consumption Tetra Paks. tube containers and large bottles are filled. Often there is a blend with bright red wines. It is also called table grape used. The variety is in Argentina especially in the province Mendoza grown where it is grown on 17,080 hectares of vineyards. There are allegedly smaller areas in Australia. Brazil. Chile and Spain, however no stocks were recorded in these countries. Compared to 1990 with 68,513 hectares at the time, there was an extreme reduction of around 80%. It thus proves worldwide varieties ranking rank 45.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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