The red grape variety comes from Spain or South America and belongs to the group of so-called Criollas (see the history in detail there). Synonyms are Criolla Grande Sanjuanina, Criolla Sanjuanina, Criolla Sanjuanino, Italia, Sanjuanina Rosada and Uva Tierna. It was either introduced to other varieties from Spain (Canary Islands) as early as the mid-16th century to South America (Argentina) or originated there. According to 2012 done DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural crossing Criolla Chica ( Listán Prieto x Muscat d'Alexandrie, However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ).
The grapes of the medium to late-ripening, productive vine reach a weight of up to four kilograms. The bright red berries yield simple, bright Rosé for mass consumption in Tetra Paks. tube containers and large bottles are bottled. Often there is a blend of bright red wines. She is also called table grape used. The variety is in Argentina especially in the province Mendoza cultivated, where it is grown on 17,080 hectares of vineyards. Smaller surfaces are supposedly also in Australia. Brazil. Chile and Spain but no stocks were recorded in these countries. Compared to 1990 with then 68,513 hectares, there was an extreme reduction of around 80%. It occupies it in the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 45th
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)