The country has a very old wine culture, because along the Dalmatian Adriatic coast was already 1000 BC by the Illyrians. Chr. Viticulture operated. The Greeks founded from 600 BC BC some colonies. From this time comes the writing "The Feast of the Scholars", in which the winemaking in the colony Issa (today's island Vis) is reported. A wine from here was even considered the best of the then ancient wines considered. The Roman emperor Probus (232-282) promoted viticulture in the third century AD and the Slavs settling there in the seventh century continued to cultivate it. The Croats developed after their settlement in Dalmatia, viticulture in addition to olive growing and fishing as an important industry.