See below Bordeaux Classification,
Classifications of wineries ( Châteaux ) or crying in Bordeaux took place as early as the 18th century. There are five systems today; the most famous is from 1855. Only wines from the left bank ( Rive gauche ) the Gironde taken into account, these are the areas Médoc. Graves and Sauterne, Of course, they also grow on the right bank ( Rive droite ) such as B. Fronsac. Pomerol and Saint-Emilion excellent wines. The classification, which is over one and a half centuries old, applies regardless of the differences that vary from year to year quality of the wines. So far, as an absolute exception, there has been only one change in which the Château Mouton-Rothschild from second to first rank. It continues to be of great importance and is therefore marketed by the wineries with the top ranking on label used.
The remaining four systems valid for other Bordeaux areas (which, as mentioned, were not taken into account in 1855) were only introduced much later. The cru classes are different in the name and in the number of quality levels, what compared to the uniform and applicable to all appellations Burgundy classification is quite confusing. There have always been attempts at standardization. A suggestion came from Alexis Lichine (1913-1989), which, however, was ultimately not realized.
The one-tier systems Cru Bourgeois and Cru Artisan apply to wineries from the Médoc that are not classified as Grands Crus and rank behind the Grands Crus from 1855. The classification, which has been changed several times, is repeated periodically (see below). For Graves was created in 1953 and supplemented in 1959 a one-tier classification, which differentiates between red and white wines (all wineries are in the area Pessac-Léognan ). For Saint-Emilion a two-stage system was introduced in 1955, the classification is tied to the layers (vineyards). It is reviewed periodically and the wineries have to apply. In the fields of Fronsac and Pomerol as an exception, there is no classification in Bordeaux.
The association UGCB (Union des Grands Crus de Bordeaux) represents the most important Bordeaux growing areas, represents the interests of independent winegrowers and acts as a marketing platform, especially for international customers. In addition to the UGCB, there are other regional associations with similar objectives, namely the Alliance des Crus Bourgeois du Médoc, the Classement des Vins de Graves and the Classements des Vins de Saint-Émilion.
From May 15 to November 15, 1855, under the aegis of Napoleon III. (1808-1873) the world exhibition held in Paris. The most important exhibition location was temporarily erected between Champs-Élysées and the Seine. The monarch instructed the Chamber of Commerce of Bordeaux (Gironde) to prepare "a complete list of classified Bordeaux...