The white grape variety comes from Hungary. There are around 100 Synonyms which indicate a wide distribution. Some alphabetically grouped by country are Biser, Perl do Saba ( Bulgaria ); Pearl of Csaba ( Germany. Austria ); Pearl of Csaba ( France ); Pearl of Csaba ( England ); Perla di Csaba ( Italy ); Cabsky Biser ( Croatia ); Rindunicaz Strugurilor, Tamiioasa Ciaba ( Romania ); Vengerskii Muskatnii Rannuj, Zemchug Saba ( Russia ); Cabianska Perla ( Slovakia ); Cabski Biser, Julski Nutmeg ( Slovenia ); Perla Czabanska ( Czech Republic ); Csaba Gyöngye Muscotaly, Csaba Gyöngye Muskotaly, Gyöngyfehér, Korai Balafánt, Piros Csabagyöngye ( Hungary ).
The Hungarian new breed was by János Mathiász (1838-1921) created at the beginning of the 20th century. The multiplication of seedlings then took place by Adolf Stark in Békéscsaba. After a second version, the vine was discovered in 1904 in a garden in Békéscsaba, the origin would be unknown. In some sources, Madeleine Angevine x Muscat Précoce de Saumur (Muscat Courtiller) or Bronner grape x Muscat Ottonel specified. According to done in 2013 DNA analysis Parenting is now resolved. It is a cross between Madeleine Angevine x Muscat Fleur d'Oranger,
The variety is very popular as a crossing partner for new breeds. Those were Aurora. Csillám. Duna Gyöngye. Gárdonyi Géza. Gyöngyrizling. Irsai Olivér. Queen of the vineyards. Korai Gyöngy. Misket Plevensky. Misket Trakijski. Nero. reform. titanium. Turán. Viktoria Gyöngye. Vrboska. Yulski Biser and Zala Gyöngye, The very early ripening, low-yielding vine is resistant to frost, It provides alcohol-rich, aromatic white wines nutmeg but is mainly considered table grape used. In 2010, 89 hectares of vineyards in Hungary were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ). The stocks as a table grape in other countries are not known.
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)