The white grape variety comes from Hungary. There are around 100 Synonyms that indicate widespread use. Some alphabetically grouped by country are Biser, Perl do Saba ( Bulgaria ); Pearl of Csaba ( Germany. Austria ); Pearl of the Csaba ( France ); Pearl of Csaba ( England ); Perla di Csaba ( Italy ); Cabsky Biser ( Croatia ); Rindunicaz Strugurilor, Tamîioasa Ciaba ( Romania ); Vengerskii Muskatnii Rannüj, Zemchug Saba ( Russia ); Cabianska Perla ( Slovakia ); Cabski Biser, Julski Muskat ( Slovenia ); Perla Czabanska ( Czech Republic ); Csaba Gyöngye Muscotaly, Csaba Gyöngye Muskotaly, Gyöngyfehér, Korai Balafánt, Piros Csabagyöngye ( Hungary ).
The Hungarian new breed was created by János Mathiász (1838-1921) created in the early 20th century. The multiplication of the seedlings was then done by Adolf Stark in Békéscsaba. According to a second version, the vine was discovered in a garden in Békéscsaba in 1904, so the origin would be unknown. In some sources, Madeleine Angevine x Muscat Précoce de Saumur (Muscat Courtiller) or Bronner grape x Muscat Ottonel specified. According to in 2013 DNA analysis parenthood is now cleared. It is a cross between Madeleine Angevine x Muscat Fleur d'Oranger,
The variety is very popular as a crossing partner for new varieties. Those were Aurora. Csillám. Duna Gyöngye. Gárdonyi Géza. Gyöngyrizling. Irsai Olivér. Queen of the vineyards. Korai Gyöngy. Misket Plevenski. Misket Trakijski. Nero. reform. titanium. Turán. Viktoria Gyöngye. Vrboska. Yulski Biser and Zala Gyöngye, The very early ripening, low-yield vine is resistant to frost, It produces low-alcohol, aromatic white wines nutmeg, but is mainly used as table grape used. In 2010, 89 hectares of vineyards were shown in Hungary (Statistics Kym Anderson ). However, the stocks of table grapes in other countries are not known.
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)