Abbreviation for "Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization", a government agency Australia for scientific and industrial research dealing with economic, environmental and social issues. It was founded in 1916 under the name "Advisory Council of Science and Industry" and renamed in 1926 to its current name. The services include atomic spectroscopy (quantitative and qualitative determination of chemical elements), the first plastic banknotes, insect repellents (expelling agents), basics of WLAN technology, various methods of Genetic Engineering and the introduction of myxomatosis (viral disease) to contain the rabbit infestation in Australia. There are 13 research departments.
In 1927 the wine growing research institute Merbein (state of Victoria) was annexed. This had already been founded in 1919 by some producers in the region. Initially, attempts were made to adapt the methods of winegrowing common in the northern hemisphere to Australian conditions. After the Second World War, the focus became artificial irrigation, Pest control, research into the vine diseases, development of mainly nematode-resistant documents, Weingarten management and physiology of the vine perceived. In the 1990s, the focus shifted even more towards viticulture. A scientific laboratory has been set up in Adelaide. New techniques are being used with the use of satellites as part of precision viticulture developed.
Furthermore, a germplasm bank with around 700 was built in Merbein varieties established. There are several new breeds like Cienna. Rubienne. Taminga. Tarrango. Tulillah and Tyrian, as well as special varieties for the production of table grapes and raisins such as Carina been created. Furthermore, new processes such as Minimally Pruned Cordon Trained and machine vintage introduced. The research activities were related to the development of models for computer-controlled regulation of the vine growth irrigation, the fertilization and the prediction of earnings extended. Finally, projects were started that deal with the development of Aroma and taste in the grape genetic engineering Employ methods. Among other things, there were changes in the genome of the varieties Chardonnay and Sultana performed.
Attempts have been made to determine how changes in the chemical composition of the resulting grapes of the variety Cabernet Sauvignon on their later flavorings impact or whether the sensory Predict the properties of the grapes by measuring chemical compounds. The chemical compound is special for this methxoypyrazine responsible, which starts very early in the development of the grapes, depending on the lighting conditions. Other institutions are AWRI and Charles Sturt University,