The red grape variety comes from Hungary. The name literally means "jackdaw cluster", whereby "jackdaw" (the black bird) refers to the color of the almost black berries. Synonyms are: Blue Small Hungar, Small Black, Scherkentrau, Schleentrau, Schwarzer Veltliner ( Austria ); Magyarka Neagra ( Romania ); Aprofekete, Csóeka, Csóka, Csóka Szölö, Csókaszinue Szölö, Fekete Fajos, Fekete Magyarka, Hordokongato, Kék Elbai, Kis Fekete, Madarszölö, Rácfekete, Vadfekete, Zaczi ( Hungary ). It was often confused with the no longer cultivated variety Cigányszölö (gypsy grape). The parentage is unknown.
The medium-ripening vine is resistant to Botrytis but vulnerable to both mildews, It produces colorful, spicy, fruity red wines with a high alcohol but low acidity, as well as gentle tannins. The variety was once widespread in the Carpathian basin. The vine, which is threatened with extinction, is now being grown again by a few producers and is for example in the fields Balatonmelléke. Eger and Villány authorized. In 2010 a cultivated area of two hectares was shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)