The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between American wild grapes Aestivalis x Cinerea. Synonyms are Cunnigham, Long and Prince Edward. They are genes from Vitis aestivalis
and Vitis cinerea
contain. The crossing of the hybrid
was done in 1812 by the private breeder J. Cunningham. It becomes the special American vine species Vitis bourquina
assigned. The variety was made by the German ampelographer Hermann Goethe
(1837-1911) in his publication published in 1876 "The most important American vines which resist the Phylloxera with special consideration of their usability in Germany and Austria-Hungary". The variety is completely resistant to phylloxera
, It used to be on the Portuguese island Madeira
grown and used there for this dessert wine.