The red grape variety is an interspecific new breed between American wild vines Aestivalis x Cinerea. Synonyms are Cunnigham, Long and Prince Edward. They are genes of Vitis aestivalis
and Vitis cinerea
contain. The intersection of hybrid
took place in 1812 by the private breeder J. Cunningham. She becomes the special American vine species Vitis bourquina
assigned. The variety was from the German Ampelographen Hermann Goethe
(1837-1911) in his writing published in 1876 "The most important American vines which withstand the Phylloxera with special regard to their usability in Germany and Austria-Hungary". The variety has a perfect resistance to the phylloxera
, It was formerly also on the Portuguese island Madeira
grown and used there for this dessert wine.