The state was created after the First World War in 1918 in the wake of the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy from the lands of Bohemia, Moravia and Moravia Silesia, as well as the formerly Hungarian Slovakia. From the year 1948 the re-established state was communist and counted to the Eastern bloc. After the collapse of the USSR and the political upheaval in 1993, the separation into the two independent states Slovakia and Czech Republic, The wine-growing areas of the two states had a common history. The foundation of viticulture is the Roman emperor Probus (232-282) attributed. From the 10th century on, winegrowing flourished through donations to monasteries in Bohemia and Moravia (now the Czech Republic).
The Bohemian king and later Emperor Charles IV (1316-1378) had around the city of Prague create vineyards with Burgundian vines, of which even today the district Královské Vinohrady (Royal Vineyards) announces. Preßburg (Bratislava - today Slovakia) is one of the oldest winegrowing areas, where vineyards have been documented since the 15th century. In this city was fighting against the phylloxera founded in 1884 by German winemakers a viticulture school and modernized the viticulture. At that time, Bratislava was an important Central European wine center with a strong wine trade,