The white grape variety comes from the Mediterranean (Italy or Spain). Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Farana, Faranah, Farranah ( Algeria ); Valencí ( Argentina ); Farana ( Australia ); Mayorquen, Majorquin, Mayorcain, Mayorkin, Mayorquen, Mayorquen Blanc, Mayorquin Blanc, Spagnol ( France ); Damaschena, Damaschina ( Italy ); Alicante Branco, Boal Cachudo, Boal de Alicante ( Portugal ); Planta Fina, Planta Fina de Pedralba, Planta Pedralba ( Spain ); Beldi ( Tunisia ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms, she is not allowed to use the varieties Trebbiano Toscano or Verdejo be confused. According to in 2013 DNA analysis the variety is one of the many direct descendants of the leading variety To lift; the second parent is unknown. Damaschino was a crossing partner of the new breed under the name Mayorquin Palestina as well as a parent of the variety that is believed to be a natural cross Santa Magdalena,
The variety has been known on the island of Sicily since the mid-19th century. According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it is said to have originated from Damascus in the 9th or 10th century during the Arab rule Syria have been introduced. But there is no proof of this; if not from Sicily, it may be from the Mediterranean coast. The productive, medium-ripening vine is resistant to drought but prone to wrong people mildew, It produces powerful, aromatic, but rather low-acid white wines.
In Italy is the variety especially is on Sicily represented and there in the DOC wines Alcamo. Delia Nivolelli. Marsala and Sicilia authorized. Here it occupies 221 hectares. In France it is only grown on one hectare and is in the area Bellet (Provence) approved. In Spain it will be in the Levante region in the DO areas Alicante and Valencia cultivated on 239 hectares. And in Portugal it occupies 1,037 hectares in the DOC areas Beira Interior and Madeira, Under the name Valencí were in Argentina a total of 586 hectares covered. In Algeria. Australia and Tunisia it is mostly called table grape used. In 2010, a total of 2,083 hectares of vineyards were shown with a downward trend; ten years earlier it was 2,359 hectares (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service