The origin of this cultivation association is in the 1920s, as the first farmers in the countries Germany and Austria the ideas of the anthroposophist Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) record and implement. In 1924, the oldest organic farmers' association was founded under the name DEMETER. The name goes back to the Greek earth goddess (Greek: meter = mother), daughter of Kronos and Rheia, who belongs to the twelve Olympic gods (Olympioi). Demeter corresponds to the Roman Ceres and is responsible for the fertility and growth of the earth, grain, seeds and seasons.
DEMETER is a protected trademark under which biodynamically manufactured products are sold according to anthroposophical rules. The pre-stage Biodyn is also protected, which means "in change to Demeter". The DEMETER product range includes more than 3,500 foods, cosmetics and fashion items, which are mainly sold in health food stores and health food stores. DEMETER is the only organic association in the world with over 3,500 farms in over 30 countries. Analogous to EU Organic Regulation there has been a “DEMETER organic wine” since 2009 (previously “wine made from DEMETER grapes”).
The rules and methods of forms of production Biodynamic viticulture and Bioenergetic viticulture are also the basis of the DEMETER guidelines for the management of vineyards and the production of Biowein, These not only meet the requirements of EU Organic Regulation, but even surpass them a lot. This includes the use of biodynamic preparations as well as the complete waiver pesticides and chemical Pesticides, There are also significantly lower limits for sulfur (Sulfites) in wine.
An organizational peculiarity in the DEMETER certification process is the business development discussion. Together with the plant manager, it is determined which development steps are pending next year to further approximate the biodynamic ideal. This is intended to promote the development idea, which then involves taking appropriate steps far beyond the regulations. The farm development discussion is a mandatory prerequisite for agricultural businesses and wine estates for further recognition as a DEMETER farm and for the use of the DEMETER brand image.
Worldwide there are well over 600 DEMETER winegrowers in over 20 countries with a total of around 10,000 hectares of vineyards. 60 of these are in Germany with 500 hectares and 35 in Austria with 300 hectares of vineyards. There is a strict certification or subsequent annual control process that has been commissioned and trained by DEMETER bio respectively. Inspection bodies is carried out. DEMETER is organized in its own national associations. DEMETER Austria is a member of the umbrella organization Bio Austria as well as DEMETER Germany member of the BÖLW, See also under Organic viticulture with a list of other organic associations.