The origin of this cultivation association lies in the 1920er years, as first farmers in the countries Germany and Austria the ideas of anthroposophist Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) recorded and implemented. In 1924 the oldest organic farmer association was founded under the name DEMETER. The name goes back to the Greek goddess of the earth (gr. Meter = mother), daughter of Kronos and the Rheia, which belongs to the twelve olympic deities (Olympioi). Demeter corresponds to the Roman Ceres and is responsible for the fertility and growth of the earth, the crop, the seeds and the seasons.
DEMETER is a registered trademark under which biodynamic products are sold according to anthroposophic rules. Also protected is the precursor Biodyn, which means "in conversion to Demeter". The DEMETER product range includes more than 3,500 food, cosmetics and fashion items, which are mainly sold in health food stores and health food stores. DEMETER is the only organic association in the world with more than 30 countries and around 3,500 companies. Analogous to EU Organic Regulation Since 2009, there has been a "DEMETER organic wine" (previously "DEMETER grape wine").
The rules and methods of production forms Biodynamic viticulture and Bioenergetic viticulture are also the basis of the DEMETER guidelines for the management of vineyards and the production of Biowein, These not only comply with the specifications of EU Organic Regulation but even surpass them a lot. This includes the use of biodynamic preparations as well as the complete abandonment of pesticides and chemical Pesticides, Similarly, there are significantly lower limits for sulfur (Sulfites) in the wine.
An organizational feature of the DEMETER certification process is the business development discussion. Together with the farm manager, it is determined which development steps are to be taken towards the further approximation to the biodynamic ideal next year. This is to promote the idea of development, which then brings corresponding steps far beyond the regulations with it. The business development discussion is a mandatory requirement for the farms and wine suppliers for further recognition as a DEMETER company and the use of the DEMETER brand image.
There are well over 600 DEMETER winegrowing companies in over 20 countries worldwide with a total of about 10,000 hectares of vineyards. Of these, 60 are in Germany with 500 hectares and 35 in Austria with 300 hectares of vineyards. There is a rigorous certification and / or subsequent annual control process that DEMETER employs and trains bio or. Inspection bodies is carried out. DEMETER is organized in own national associations. DEMETER-Austria is a member of the umbrella organization Bio Austria as well as DEMETER Germany member in the BÖLW, See also below Organic viticulture with a list of other organic associations.