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kieselguhr (F)
diatomaceous earth (GB)
farina fossile (I)
diatomita (ES)
diatomito (PO)
diatomeeënaarde (N)
Name (including mountain flour, celite, diatomaceous earth, pebble, white soil) for a whitish, powdery substance, mainly of fossil skeletons seaweed (Diatoms = diatoms). The mostly single-celled diatoms lived with about 10,000 species in fresh, brackish or salt water. The material is versatile, for example in the production of toothpaste, car tires and (with nitroglycerin) dynamite. Due to its highly porous properties, it is particularly permeable to liquids and therefore excellent as filter aids in the filtration suitable for wines. It also serves as an inert (carrier) in the use of silver chloride, A chemically related substance is silica sol who also works at the winemaking is used.

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