In 1974, the US winemaker David Adelsheim made the US state Oregon on a study trip in France the amazing experience for him that the local Pinot Noir - and Chardonnayreben apparently very different or better results (wines) than those in the United States and that they were also much less susceptible to disease. Three years later, these were exported to Oregon and began to test the vines known as "Dijon clones" on a larger scale. It was a lengthy process, but today, for example, nearly 1,000 hectares of vineyards in Oregon are planted with Chardonnay grapes from Dijon. Then followed Australia, where they were named after the scientist "Bernard-Clones" and California, This was the start of the triumphal march, meanwhile dijon vines are used all over the world.
These were very special vines that the French scientist Prof. Raymond Bernard from the Ministry of Agriculture in in the 1960s Dijon (Burgundy) because of their special properties. The reason for this was in the vineyards from the 1950s Cote d'Or major problems that arise. Many vines were from virus infested, matured very slowly or too late and were susceptible to bunch rot, A method was therefore developed to select those vines that were resistant to it. The Burgundian winegrowers were initially very skeptical and refused to use the selected clones. A total of 100 clones of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir were selected. Considered particularly successful Pinot Noir 113, 114, 115, 667, 777 and 828, as well Chardonnay 76, 95, 96, 121, 124, 277 and 809. But you shouldn't see that absolutely, because among other things it comes up a lot soil type. climatic conditions and also the taste preferences that are best suited. See also under breeding,