In 1974, the US winemaker David Adelsheim made the US state Oregon on the occasion of a study tour in France the amazing experience for him that the local Pinot Noir - and Chardonnayreben apparently quite different or better results (wines) delivered than those in the United States and that they were also much less susceptible to illness. Three years later, these were exported to Oregon and started testing the vine called "Dijon Clones" on a larger scale. That was a tedious process, but today, for example, in Oregon nearly 1,000 hectares of vineyards are planted with Chardonnay grapes from Dijon. After that followed Australia where they were named after the scientist "Bernard clones" and California, This was the beginning of the triumphal march, meanwhile Dijon vines are in use all over the world.
These were very special vines used by the French scientist Prof. Raymond Bernard of the Ministry of Agriculture in the 1960s Dijon (Burgundy) had selected on the basis of their special properties. The reason for this was from the 1950s in the vineyards of Côte d'Or occurring big problems. Many vines were from virus infested, matured very slowly or too late and were prone to bunch rot, Therefore, a method was developed to select those vines that were resistant to it. The Burgundian winemakers were initially very skeptical and refused to use the selected clones. In total, 100 clones each of Chardonnay and Pinot Noir were selected. To be particularly successful Pinot Noir 113, 114, 115, 667, 777 and 828, as well as Chardonnay 76, 95, 96, 121, 124, 277 and 809. But you can not really see that, because it is very interesting soil type. climatic conditions and taste preferences, which are the most suitable. See also below breeding,