The white grape variety comes from the Balkan region, possibly. from Bulgaria. Synonyms alphabetically grouped by country are Koplik, Misket Slivenski, Pamid ( Bulgaria ); Dimiat ( France ); Yapalaki, Zoumiatiko, Zumiatiko, Zumyat ( Greece ); Smederevka Bianca ( Italy ); Roşioară ( Moldova ); Belina Krupna, Kadarun Bijeli, Podbelec, Smederevka ( Croatia. Northern Macedonia. Serbia. Slovenia ); Maple grape, maple-leaved Wippacher, off-white, Wippacher maple-leaved ( Germany. Austria ); Dimiat, Semendria ( Romania ); Beau ( Russia ); Dertonia ( Turkey ); Bekaszölö, Szemendriai Fehér, Töröklugas ( Hungary ). There are at least three varieties with different berry colors or shapes. These are Dimyat Cherven (red-violet), Dimyat Cheren (black) and Dimyat Edar (especially large berries and leaves). Despite the confusing synonyms, there is no relation to the red variety Pamid, You also may not with the morphological similar variety Parmak Cerven be confused.
According to a verifiable hypothesis, the variety was said to have been made by crusaders in the Middle Ages Egypt introduced to Thrace (border area Bulgaria / Greece / Turkey) and named after the Egyptian city of Dimyat (Damiette). However, the Bulgarian ancestry is supported by genetic analyzes of many Bulgarian grape varieties. According to in 2012 DNA analysis is the variety from a probably natural cross Gouais Blanc x Coarnă Alba ( Pukhliakovsky ) emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). The variety was a cross partner of the new varieties Cabernet Severny. precious Steiner. Neoplanta. Misket Trakijski. Misket Varnenski. Riesling Bulgarski and Sirmium,
The late-ripening, productive vine is sensitive to frost, vulnerable to both mildews but resistant to Botrytis, It produces clear, fragrant white wines with aromas vanilla, The variety is used for the production of still and sparkling wines table grape and for them distillation used. she is in Bulgaria especially prevalent in the eastern provinces of Burgas and Varna. The area under cultivation in 2010 was 2,386 hectares with a rapidly decreasing tendency. There are also smaller stocks in Greece and in the Turkey, The variety occupied a total of 2,401 hectares of vineyards in 2010 (ten years earlier there were 7,718 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)