The white grape variety comes from the Balkan area, mglw. from Bulgaria. Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country Koplik, Misket Slivenski, Pamid ( Bulgaria ); Dimiat ( France ); Yapalaki, Zoumiatiko, Zumiatiko, Zumyat ( Greece ); Smederevka Bianca ( Italy ); Roşioară ( Moldova ); Belina Krupna, Kadarun Bijeli, Podbelec, Smederevka ( Croatia. Northern Macedonia. Serbia. Slovenia ); Maple grape, maple-leaved Wippacher, Grobweisser, Wippacher maple-leaved ( Germany. Austria ); Dimiat, Semendria ( Romania ); Beau ( Russia ); Dertonia ( Turkey ); Bekaszölö, Szemendriai Fehér, Töröklugas ( Hungary ). There are at least three varieties with different berry colors or shapes. These are Dimyat Cherven (red-violet), Dimyat Cheren (black) and Dimyat Edar (especially large berries and leaves). Despite the confusing synonyms, there is no relation to the red variety Pamid, You may not with the morphological similar variety Parmak Cerven be confused.
According to an unverifiable hypothesis, the variety was allegedly already in the Middle Ages of crusaders Egypt introduced to Thrace (border area Bulgaria / Greece / Turkey) and named after the Egyptian city of Dimyat (Damiette). The Bulgarian descent, however, is supported by genetic analysis of many Bulgarian grape varieties. According to done in 2012 DNA analysis is the variety from a probably natural cross Gouais blanc x Coarnă Alba ( Pukhliakovsky ) emerged. However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see below molecular Genetics ). The variety was crossbred partner of the new breeds Cabernet Severny. precious Steiner. Neoplanta. Misket Trakijski. Misket Varnenski. Riesling Bulgarsky and Sirmium,
The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is sensitive to frost, prone to both mildews, but resistant to Botrytis, It produces clear, fragrant white wines with aromas vanilla, The variety is used for the production of still and sparkling wines, as table grape and for the distillation used. she is in Bulgaria spread mainly in the eastern provinces of Bourgas and Varna. The acreage in 2010 was 2,386 hectares, with a strong decline. Smaller stocks are also available in Greece and in the Turkey, The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 2,401 hectares of vineyards (ten years earlier, there were 7,718 hectares).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)