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Dinstlgut

Large historical winery or wine cooperative in the municipality of Loiben in the Lower Austrian wine region Wachau on the left Danube, In the more than 1000 years of its development, it made a significant contribution to Austrian wine history and wine culture. The beginning goes back to the year 860, when King Ludwig the German (804-876) donated the "Liupna" estate (today's Oberloiben) to the Salzburg church. The winery subsequently became the center of colonization and reclamation in this area. In 1002, King Henry II (973-1024) donated “two hooves in the east in the town of Liupna ”, which led to the creation of new vineyards in neighboring Unterloiben and the construction of a large farm (later Dinstlgut and rectory), cellar facilities and a press house. The estate was on the perimeter of the vineyards until the 18th century Supperin, Oberhauser and bulk extended. The possessions in Upper and Lower Loiben remained the property of the Church until 1802, when it was a short time from Nikolaihof in Mautern from managed kk state winery and then in the possession of the count.

In 1832, Dr. Ferdinand Dinstl (Kremser MP in the Frankfurt parliament in 1849 and mayor of Krems ) and united the essential parts of the former church property Salzburg and Tegernsee. He became a sponsor of Loibner viticulture, introduced quality-oriented cellar management and managed the estate according to cooperative principles. For the grape-supplying tusks there was a strict reading order regarding the delivery order from the individual vineyards. The tusks had to provide the dishes themselves and label them with their names. Mash from two different vineyards was not allowed to be poured into a vat, even if the tanner worked on both. Cutting grapes for personal use was only allowed with permission. The harvest often dragged on into November. The price of grapes or mash was dependent on the quality and the vines divided into classes.

In 1882 Dinstl cultivated around 25 hectares of vineyards himself, the rest was leased. At the turn of the century, like almost everywhere else in Austria, the wrong man appeared mildew who caused more damage here than later phylloxera, In the period 1920 to 1930, the switch to phylloxera-resistant documents, With the renewal of the vineyards only more quality grape varieties such as Green Valtellina. Riesling. Neuburger and Muscat Ottonel suspended, the Loibner model company was pioneering in this regard. After Ferdinand Dinstl's death in 1913, his sister Hedwig took over the estate and managed almost all of the vineyards themselves without leases. The Dinstl era ended with her death in 1930, and there were no heirs.

In the same year, the estate with 26 hectares of arable land and 23 hectares of vineyards was auctioned by a newly founded cooperative with 42 innovative winegrowers for 380,000 schillings (just under 28,000 euros). After an eventful history with steady ascent, the Second World War caused major setbacks that made reconstruction necessary. Today, the catchment area of the "Winemaker's Cooperative Dinstlgut Loiben" mainly comprises municipalities from the wine-growing regions Wachau and Kremstal, Around 350 members cultivated a total of 232 hectares of vineyards, for example in the vineyards Pfaffenberg (Krems), Dinstlgarten, Loibenberg and bulk (all in Loiben). The members were recommended to plant the varieties Grüner Veltliner and Riesling. Central pressing, vinification, bottling and marketing took place in Loiben. The traditional company got into more and more difficulties and was closed at the end of 2006.

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