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Greek god of vegetation, viticulture and ecstasy or the intoxication, He was also called Bromios (noise) or Bakchos (caller, shouting) due to the noise his entourage organized. From this derives the common name in Roman mythology Bacchus from. Mostly it is represented with ivy or grape vines and grapes. Its external attributes are the one with ivy and vines encircled thyrsos as a fertility symbol and the one shown on the left kantharos (Drinking vessel for wine), on the Dionsysos with a satyrs (left) and in conversation with the messenger of the god Hermes (right). Dionysus also holds such a Kantharos in his right hand. Female companions of Dionysus were the Maenads. The earliest mention of it dates back to the 13th century BC, with quite different versions of its birth and life history. According to the most common version, Zeus fathered Dionysus with the beautiful Semele, daughter of Cadmus, king of Thebes.

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