The red grape variety comes from Italy, The name means "sweet little ones" and refers to the sweet, slightly acidic grapes. Synonyms include Acqui, Bathiolin, Crete de Coq, Dolcetta Nera, Dolcetto a Raspo Rosso, Dolcetto a Raspe Verde, Dolcetto Crni, Dolcetto Nero, Dolcetto Piemontese, Dolchetto, Dolcino Nero, Nibièu, Nibiò, Ocanette, Ormeasco, Picot Rouge, Plant de Montmélian, Ravanellino, Rotgestieliger Dolcedo, Uva d'Acqui, Uva del Monferrato, Uva di Ovada and Uva di Roccagrimalda. According to a legend, the Marchese di Clavesana is said to have passed an edict from his castle in 1303 prohibiting, under threat of the death penalty, the cultivation of anything other than Dolcetto in its territory. The first recorded mention of the old, traditional variety was already in 1593 in Dogliani in the province of Cuneo in Piedmont, In a decree of the community was forbidden to harvest the variety Dozzeti before the St. Matthew's Day (21 September). It was described by a Conte Nuvolone in 1798 under the name Dosset.
It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Charbono. Douce Noire (Bathiolin) or Nebbiolo be confused. By 2008 took place DNA analysis was refuted that the Dolcetto is identical to the varieties Charbono and Douce Noire (Pierre Galet ), as well as that it connects to the variety Zinfandel there. Similarly, there is no relation to the white variety Dolcetto Bianco, Dolcetto was crossing partner of the new breeds Passau. San Martino (1) and Valentino Nero, The early ripening vine is prone to fungal diseases, It produces fruity, color-intensive red wines with gentle tannins and a variety of aromas liquorice, black cherries, plums and slightly bitter almonds.
She was in the past Piedmont widespread, but increasingly became / is the variety Barbera given preference. She is among others in the DOC / DOCG wines Colli Tortonesi. Dolcetto d'Acqui. Dolcetto d'Alba. Dolcetto d'Asti. Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba. Dolcetto di Ovada. Dolcetto di Ovada Superiore. Dogliani. Langhe and Valsusa authorized. In smaller quantities she will be in Liguria as Ormaesco and in Umbria cultivated as Nibièu od Nibiò. In 2010, a total of 6,128 hectares of vineyards were recorded in Italy.
There is a tiny amount in there France near Montpellier Languedoc in the winery Mas de Daumas-Gassac, Small acreage is available in the US California. Oregon. Pennsylvania and Washington, as in Australia (154 ha) and New Zealand (2 ha). In Argentina a variety Dolcetto is cultivated, but their identity is unclear. The variety occupied in 2010 a total of 6,333 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 1990, at that time 7,191 hectares, this was a reduction of 12%. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 98.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)