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The red grape comes from Italy, The name means "little sweetie" and refers to the sweet, slightly acidic grapes. Synonyms are Acqui, Bathiolin, Crete de Coq, Dolcetta Nera, Dolcetto a Raspo Rosso, Dolcetto a Raspe Verde, Dolcetto Crni, Dolcetto Nero, Dolcetto Piemontese, Dolchetto, Dolcino Nero, Gros Plant, Nibièu, Nibiò, Ocanette, Ormeasco, Picot Rou , Plant de Montmélian, Ravanellino, Red-handled Dolcedo, Uva d'Acqui, Uva del Monferrato, Uva di Ovada and Uva di Roccagrimalda. According to legend, the Marchese di Clavesana issued an edict from its castle in 1303, which, under the death penalty, was prohibited from planting anything other than Dolcetto in its territory. The first reliable mention of the old, traditional variety was made in Dogliani in the province of Cuneo in 1593 Piedmont, A decree from the municipality banned the Dozzeti variety from harvesting before Matthew Day (September 21). It was described by a Conte Nuvolone in 1798 under the name Dosset.

Dolcetto - grape and leaf

Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological No similarities to the varieties Charbono. Douce Noire (Bathiolin) or Nebbiolo be confused. Through 2008 DNA analysis was refuted that the Dolcetto was identical to the Charbono and Douce Noire varieties (Pierre Galet ), as well as that there is a connection to the variety Zinfandel there. There is also no relationship to the white variety Dolcetto Bianco, Dolcetto was a crossing partner of the new varieties Passau. San Martino (1) and Valentino Nero, The early ripening vine is susceptible to fungal diseases, It produces fruity, color-intensive red wines with gentle tannins and diverse aromas liquorice, black cherries, plums and slightly bitter almonds.

She was earlier in the Piedmont widespread, but the variety has been / is becoming increasingly common Barbera given preference. It is found in DOC / DOCG wines, among others Colli tortonesi. Dolcetto d'Acqui. Dolcetto d'Alba. Dolcetto d'Asti. Dolcetto di Diano d'Alba. Dolcetto di Ovada. Dolcetto di Ovada Superiore. Dogliani. Langhe and Valsusa authorized. In smaller quantities, it is in Liguria as Ormaesco and in Umbria cultivated as Nibièu or Nibiò. In 2010, a total of 6,128 hectares of vineyards were recorded in Italy.

There is a tiny amount in France near Montpellier in Languedoc in the winery Mas de Daumas-Gassac, There are small acreages in the United States California. Oregon. Pennsylvania and Washington, as in Australia (154 ha) and New Zealand (2 ha). In Argentina A variety of Dolcetto is also cultivated, but its identity is unclear. The variety occupied a total of 6,333 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 7,191 hectares at the time, this was a reduction of 12%. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 98.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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