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22.679 Keywords • 48.645 Synonyms • 5.293 Translations • 7.913 Pronunciations • 149.412 Cross-references

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Dolium

Latin name for the one amphora similar container (plural dolia) made of clay with up to several thousand liters of content, which was used by the Romans as a fermentation and storage container for wine. These were also buried in the ground. The picture on the bottom left shows a find in Villa Fanninus, named after the owner, in the village of Boscoreale at the foot of Mount Vesuvius. In addition, there was also a wine press and a large fermenting yard, in which these clay barrels were embedded in the ground. This villa was preserved during the volcanic eruption in the year 79, so to speak, in which Pompeii was completely destroyed. The picture on the right shows a find from the city of Ostia, the port city of ancient Rome at the mouth of the Tiber. As the Romans through the Celts When they got to know the wooden barrel and did not know the word, they translated Dolium for barrel. Similar vessels are Kvevri (Georgian), pithos (Greek), Talha (Portuguese) and tinaja (Spanish). See also below wine vessels,

Dolium finds in Boscoreale and Ostia
Picture left: From AlMare - Own work , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Right: From AlMare - Own Work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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