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Dolium

Latin name for one amphora Similar pottery (mostly Dolia) made of clay with up to several thousand liters, which was used by the Romans as a fermentation and storage container for wine. These were also buried in the ground. The picture below left shows a find in the Villa Fanninus named after the owner in the village of Boscoreale at the foot of Mount Vesuvius. There was also a wine press and a large fermentation yard in which these clay barrels were embedded in the ground. This villa was conserved at the volcanic eruption in 79, so to speak Pompeii was completely destroyed. The picture on the right shows a find from the city of Ostia, the port city of ancient Rome at the mouth of the Tiber. When the Romans passed through Celts They got to know the wooden barrel and did not know a corresponding word for it, they translated dolium for barrel. Similar vessels are Kvevri (Georgian), pithos (Greek), Talha (Portuguese) and tinaja (Spanish). See also under wine vessels,

Dolium finds in Boscoreale and Ostia
Left: From AlMare - Own work , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Right: From AlMare - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link

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