Size wine cooperative in the Lower Austrian winegrowing area Wachau based in Dürnstein, which was founded in 1938 by purchasing the former winery of the Starhemberg family under the name "Winzergenossenschaft Wachau". It was then renamed in 1990 "Free Weingärtner Wachau" and has been operating since 2008 under the new name "Domäne Wachau". As new chairman, Johann Martin was elected at the 2009 General Assembly. Managing Director is Mag. Roman Horvath ( Master of Wine ). For the oenology is responsible Heinz Frischengruber. The philosophy is as follows: The domain Wachau strives to be as authentic as possible origin character in the wines. The Wachau and the large individual layers or Rieden should be expressed precisely and clearly. Also important is a long and stable fruit, which then, after a few years, turn into complex mature notes with correspondingly high-quality wines. The high shelf life of selected emeralds is by this procedure an explicit goal in the winemaking, The entire production process takes place according to certified, sustainable Criteria of Sustainable Austria,
Around 250 member farms cultivate 440 hectares of vineyards, which accounts for around one third of the Wachau area. These are tied by contracts for three years. The management must be carried out according to the criteria mentioned above regarding ecology, economy and social issues. Starting from that became for the members one Bonitursystem created. Great emphasis is placed on training, know-how transfer and intensive personal contact. Those grape vendors who provide extra quality in the vineyards receive special incentives for the price of grapes, depending on the location. In 2018, a new building for the grape reception and vinification under the wine terraces of Kellerberg was put into operation. The gentle processing of the basically hand-picked, depending on vine. Riede and maturity selected grape variety takes place on four levels with the help of gravity. The pneumatic Press can also use small batches for Mikrovinifikationen to process. The Weinwerdung finds its conclusion under perfect climatic conditions.
The famous "Kellerschlössel" was commissioned by Hieronymus Übelbacher (1674-1740), the provost of Dürnstein Abbey, and completed in 1715 by Jakob Prandtauer (1660-1726), the creator of Melk Abbey. Under the Kellerschlössel is the huge natural cellar dug in 1693. The baroque jewel lies at the foot of the famous Wachau's top location Kellerberg, the "home mountain" of the Wachau domain. Here in 1955 historic meetings took place. The then Austrian Foreign Minister Leopold Figl (1902-1965) had access with his own key and invited in the run-up to the signing of the Austrian State Treaty often high-ranking politicians and diplomats to nocturnal negotiations. According to eyewitnesses, the wines they enjoyed contributed like "Dürnsteiner stone's throw "To success. In 2005, on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Austrian State Treaty, the "Wachauer stone's throw "Revived. In the portfolio there is also the historically significant brand wine "Wachau Himmelsstiege ".
More than 90% of white wines are produced. Of the Green Veltliner is the leader, it dominates with two-thirds of the set, which are more varieties Riesling (17%), Müller-Thurgau. Neuburger. Pinot Blanc. Chardonnay. muscatel. Zweigelt (6%), Pinot Noir and St. Laurent, The grapes come from the best vineyards of the Wachau, for example Achleiten. Axpoint, Bruck, Hochrain. Kaiserberg. Kellerberg. Kollmitz. Loibenberg, Pichlpoint, Setzberg, Singerriedel and Tausendeimerberg ( Castle hill ). Among other things, the low yields of 39 to 55 hl / ha are responsible for the top quality. In the basement is the non-invasive Motto "controlled idleness".
The domain Wachau was in 1983 with director Willi Schwengler among the founding fathers of Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus with the quality levels Steinfeder, Federspiel and emerald. Top wines are the single-layer emeralds from the Grüner Veltliner and Riesling, as well as the Sweet wines (esp. Riesling TBA Kellerberg). In the extensive archive Wines are stored back to vintage 1947. As the first Austrian wine producer the domain Wachau won the 1999 of Wine & Spirit awarded title "International Winery of the Year". Every year around 2.5 million bottles of wine are produced. In the in-house distillery Grüner Veltliner is double-distilled and matures for years in the small wooden barrel, The top product is the Veltliner brandy "XA22".