Probably the most famous winery in France Burgundy is located in the Côte de Nuits part of the Cote d'Or east of the city Nuits-Saint-Georges, The best locations in the community now belong to the domain Vosne-Romanée; the vineyards cover a total of just over 25 hectares of vineyards. These are the grand crus in their entirety La Tâche and (the eponymous) Romanée-Conti as well as parts of the Grand Crus Richebourg and Romanée-Saint-Vivant (the Grand Cru location La Romanée but not). The estate also includes the Grand Cru locations Echézeaux and Grands Echézeaux in the municipality Flagey-Echezeaux, as well as parts of the Grand Cru location Le Montrachet (see under Montrachet ). Incidentally, the Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is the only exception to the rule in Burgundy that a winery cannot be named after a location.
In the middle of the 13th century, the Benedictine the first vineyards in the municipality of Vosne-Romanée and called them "Le Cloux des Cinq Journeaux". The winery was owned by the Roman Catholic Church until 1584, when it changed hands several times. It was acquired by Louis-François de Bourbon (a Prince de Conti) in 1760, but it did not receive the Romanée-Conti name until 1794 after the expropriation during the French Revolution. At the end of the 19th century, the le Villaine family inherited the winery. In 1942, the latter sold half to the Leroy family, who was friends, and in 1950 Henri Leroy became the second managing director. He also kept his trading company Leroy SA, which took over the exclusive distribution of DRC wines. His daughter took over the management together with Aubert de Villaine (* 1939) in 1974. Due to long disputes, she left in 1992 and founded the famous winery Domaine Leroy in Meursault,
The most famous location Romanée-Conti is only 1.8 hectares. It is consistently based on the guidelines of the Biodynamic viticulture processed. The floor is made of brown limestone marl with a thin layer of humus. Today's vines were planted in 1945. Around 7,000 bottles of red wine are produced here every year. The wine will unmixed out Pinot Noir pressed; best vintages need decades of storage. Grapes from three vines are required for a bottle of DRC wine. The secret of quality is based on many facts. These include the old age of the vines, extreme plant density with 10,000 vines / ha, rigorous thin out, strictest control of the reading material, earnings only 25 hl / ha, maceration in old wooden laid paper from 1862, none filtration and new ones every year barriques for the expansion.
The Domaine de la Romanée-Conti is one of the best and most expensive wines in the world, For ten-year-old vintages, you have to spend at least $ 1,500, which is constantly increasing in value. Until 1989, all of the domain's wines were only sold in closed lots (pack of 12). You could only get a (single) Romanée Conti if you accepted eleven other bottles. The famous English writer and novelist Roald Dahl (1916-1990) exuberantly characterized the wine with the words “Taste it! Drink it! But never try to describe him. It is impossible to do justice to such enjoyment in words. "
The as "Dr. Conti ”referred to Indonesian wine merchant Rudy Kurniawan sold counterfeit wines as old vintages from Romanée-Conti and was therefore sentenced to ten years in prison.