The headquarters of the winery is located in the port city Marsala in the province of Trapani on the west coast Sicily, The origin dates back to 1851, when the Rallo family started winegrowing. The present operation was founded in 1983 in the fourth generation by Giacomo and Gabriella Rallo. In the vineyards of the Contessa Entellina area, the writer Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa (1896-1957) had some excerpts of his famous novel "Il Gattopardo" (The Leopard) playing. It became famous then by the filming of the substance with the Hollywood star Burt Lancaster in the main role. The name was given by the Queen Maria Carolina of Habsburg-Lorraine (Donnafugata = fleeing woman), who fled Naples before the Napoleonic army. The winery landmark is a queen's performing female head with waving, long hair.
There are several business premises or wineries. The vineyards cover a total of 405 hectares of vineyards. Of these, 283 hectares are located in the Contessa Entellina area at 300 to 600 meters above sea level, mostly in the municipalities of Contessa Entellina, Sambuca di Sicilia and Santa Margherita Belìce. The other areas are located on the island of Pantelleria (68 ha), in the Vittoria area (36 ha) and in the Etna area (18 ha). The white wine varieties are cultivated Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Viognier. Petit Manseng. Müller-Thurgau, Ansonica ( Inzolia ), Lucido ( Catarratto Bianco ) Damaschino. Fiano. Carricante. Grillo, Grecanico Bianco ( Garganega ) and Zibibbo ( Muscat d'Alexandrie ), as well as the red wines Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Petit Verdot. Nero d'Avola. Perricone. Syrah. Tannat. Frappato and Nerello Mascalese, The vintage the Chardonnay grapes for the DOC white wine Sicilia "La Fuga" takes place at night under spotlight, due to the cool temperature of the Aroma to obtain. This method is said to have been practiced by the people of Elimi in the 4th century BC. Part of the Pantelleria cultivar Zibibo is ungrafted over 100-year-old vines.
In the area of Contessa Entellina, in an area of half a hectare in collaboration with the region of Sicily, an experimental vineyard with 19 different, autochthonous Varieties of different Clones It is widespread in Sicily, such as Nero d'Avola, Catarratto Bianco and Ansonica, but also very rare endangered species such as Alzano, Nocera. Vitrarolo and other. In collaboration with companies in different areas of Sicily, the grape varieties are tested and using microvinification determined which varieties in which areas the best oenological Produce results.
The environmentally friendly management is carried out according to the rules of the GAP (Good Agriculture Practice) and the Integrated pest management with waiver herbicides and chemical fertilizer with instead green manure, A reduced use of Pesticides is by monitoring the climatic parameters (precipitation, temperature, humidity, etc.) and controlling the insect occurrence (flour moth) through the use of pheromones possible. A quality increasing measure is yield reduction by thin out, An important contribution to sustainability is achieved through the production of clean energy from renewable sources using photovoltaic systems, which enable a reduction in CO2 emissions. The Donnafugata plant is designed in accordance with the environmental management system developed by the EU EMAS certified.
The extensive product range includes over 20 different wines, including sparkling wines ( Spumante ). Depending on the type of wine they are in stainless steel tank, in the concrete barrel or in a wooden barrel ( Tonneau and Barrique ) expanded. These are the DOC wines Contessa Entellina. Etna. Sicilia. Vittoria and Pantelleria, the DOCG wine Cerasuolo di Vittoria such as IGT wines (Vins). The flagship of the house (Cru wine) is the DOC white wine Cuvée Sicilia "Vigna di Gabri" (Ansonica, Lucido, Chardonnay, Viognier, Sauvignon Blanc). Other top products include DOC white wine Sicilia "Anthìlia" (Lucido) - the world's most popular wine from the winery, the DOC white wine Contessa Entellina "Chiarandà" (Chardonnay), the DOC red wine Sicilia "Mille e una notte" (thousand and one Night, Nero d'Avola), the DOC red wine Etna "Fragore" (Nerello Mascalese), the DOCG red wine "Floramundi" (Nero d'Avola, Frappato) and the Passito DOC white wine Pantelleria "Ben Ryé" (Zibibo). It will also grappa and produces olive oil.
Contessa Entellina: © APC Anna Pakula