The winery is headquartered in the port city Marsala in the province of Trapani on the west coast Sicily, The origin is in 1851, when the Rallo family started viticulture. The current company was founded in 1983 by the fourth generation of Giacomo and Gabriella Rallo. In the vineyards of the Contessa Entellina area, the writer Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa (1896-1957) had parts of his famous novel “Il Gattopardo” (The Leopard) played. It then became famous for the film adaptation of the material with Hollywood star Burt Lancaster in the leading role. The name was given by Queen Maria Carolina of Habsburg-Lorraine, who fled from Naples to the Napoleonic army (Donnafugata = fleeing woman). The winery landmark is a woman's head representing the queen with flowing, long hair.
There are several business premises or wineries. The vineyards cover a total of 405 hectares of vineyards. Of these, 283 hectares are located in the Contessa Entellina area at 300 to 600 meters above sea level, mostly in the municipalities of Contessa Entellina, Sambuca di Sicilia and Santa Margherita Belìce. The other areas are located on the island of Pantelleria (68 ha), in the Vittoria area (36 ha) and in the Etna area (18 ha). The white wine varieties are cultivated Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Viognier. Petit Manseng. Müller-Thurgau, Ansonica ( Inzolia ), Lucido ( Catarratto Bianco ) Damaschino. Fiano. Carricante. Grillo, Grecanico Bianco ( Garganega ) and Zibibbo ( Muscat d'Alexandrie ), as well as the red wine varieties Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot. Petit Verdot. Nero d'Avola. Perricone. Syrah. Tannat. Frappato and Nerello Mascalese, The vintage The Chardonnay grapes for the Sicilia "La Fuga" DOC white wine are made at night under the spotlight, in order to achieve this thanks to the cool temperature Aroma to obtain. This method is said to have been practiced by the Elimi people in the 4th century BC. The Zibibo variety grown on Pantelleria is partly ungrafted vines over 100 years old.
In the Contessa Entellina area, an experimental vineyard with 19 different, autochthonous Varieties of different Clones created .. It is widely used in Sicily grape varieties such as Nero d'Avola, Catarratto Bianco and Ansonica, but also very rare endangered species such as Alzano, Nocera. Vitrarolo and other. In cooperation with companies in different areas of Sicily, the grape varieties are tried and tested microvinification determined which varieties in which areas the best oenological Deliver results.
Environmentally friendly management is carried out according to the rules of GAP (Good Agriculture Practice) and the Integrated crop protection with waiver herbicides and chemical fertilizer with instead green manure, A reduced use of Pesticides is by monitoring the climate parameters (precipitation, temperature, humidity, etc.) and controlling the occurrence of insects (flour moth) by using pheromones possible. A measure to improve quality is yield reduction by thin out, An important contribution to sustainability is achieved through the production of clean energy from renewable sources with the photovoltaic systems that enable a reduction in CO2 emissions. The Donnafugata farm is in accordance with the requirements of the environmental management system developed by the EU EMAS certified.
The extensive product range includes over 20 different wines, including sparkling wines ( Spumante ). Depending on the type of wine they are in stainless steel tank, in the concrete barrel or in a wooden barrel ( Tonneau and Barrique ) expanded. These are the DOC wines Contessa Entellina. Etna. Sicilia. Vittoria and Pantelleria, the DOCG wine Cerasuolo di Vittoria such as IGT wines (Vins). The flagship of the house (cru wine) is the DOC white wine blend Sicilia "Vigna di Gabri" (Ansonica, Lucido, Chardonnay, Viognier, Sauvignon Blanc). Other top products are the DOC white wine Sicilia "Anthìlia" (Lucido) - the world's most popular wine of the winery, the DOC white wine Contessa Entellina "Chiarandà" (Chardonnay), the DOC red wine Sicilia "Mille e una notte" (thousand and one Night, Nero d'Avola), the DOC red wine Etna "Fragore" (Nerello Mascalese), the DOCG red wine "Floramundi" (Nero d'Avola, Frappato) and the Passito DOC white wine Pantelleria "Ben Ryé" (Zibibo). It will also grappa and produced olive oil.
Contessa Entellina: © APC Anna Pakula