The red grape variety (also Weinsberg S 341) is a new breed between Helfensteiner x Heroldrebe (which was released in 2012 DNA analysis was confirmed). The crossing took place in 1955 through August herald (1902-1973) at the Lehr- und Versuchsanstalt vineyard in Wuerttemberg (Germany). The variety protection was granted in 1979. The name goes to Immanuel AL Dornfeld (1796-1869), after whose initiative the viticultural school in Weinsberg was founded. With the same parents is also the variety Hegel emerged. Dornfelder was crossbred partner of the new breeds Acolon. Cabernet Dorio. Cabernet Dorsa and monarch,
The early ripening vine is resistant to Botrytis, It produces dark colored, fruity red wines with velvety tannins, moderate acidity and aromas of sour cherries, as well as storage potential. Dornfelder is one of the most successful German new breeds. The variety is in Germany in all growing areas, but above all Rheinhessen and palatinate disseminated and occupied in 2009 a total of 8,000 hectares of vineyards. Further stocks exist in the Switzerland (21 ha), Austria. Czech Republic and England, in the US states California and Pennsylvania, as in Brazil. Japan (5 ha) and Thailand (2 ha). The variety occupied a total of 8,101 hectares in 2010. Compared to 1990, that was a doubling. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 85.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)