The red grape variety comes from France. Balloon, Batiolin, Bonarda (Synonyms are grouped alphabetically by country) Argentina. Brazil ); Charbonneau, Corbeau, Corbeau Noir, Folle Noire d'Ariege, Mauvais Noir, Ocanette, Plant de Montmélian, Picot Rouge, Plant de Turin, Plant Noir, Turin ( France ); Bonarda, Serbina, Turca ( Italy ); Charbono ( California ). By the end of the 19th century, it was one of the most common varieties of Savoy, and was named Corbeau (crow) because of its dark-colored wine. To Pierre Galet (* 1921) mentioned variety Douce Noire Grise but there is no relationship. However, according to analyzes conducted in 2009, there is a close relationship to the variety Mondeuse Noire,
The assumption made by Galet that it was identical to Dolcetto and from Italy to France came about in 2006 DNA analysis proved wrong. Further analysis has clarified other puzzles or misunderstandings. The variety cultured in California under the name Charbono is independent and not identical with the (today without meaning) "true" Charbono from Piedmont, but with Douce Noire. The variety grown in Argentina under Bonarda has neither with Bonarda Piemontese, nor with the other (each independent) Bonarda varieties a connection, but is also identical to Douce Noir. Douce noir is therefore not allowed with the varieties Bonarda Piemontese. Charbono or Dolcetto be confused.
The variety is in France cultivated on a few hectares in Savoy and the Jura. In Italy occupies a total of 815 hectares under the above synonyms. And as Charbono were in California 34 hectares recorded. In Argentina but it is very successful and occupies 18,127 hectares under the (wrong) name Bonarda, especially in the areas Mendoza and San Juan, The late-ripening vine provides fruity red wines for quick enjoyment. The variety occupied a total of 18,976 hectares in 2010. Compared to 1990 with then 17.653 hectares, this means a slight increase. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 40.
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
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