The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms grouped alphabetically by country are Bathiolin, Batiolin, Bonarda ( Argentina. Brazil ); Charbonneau, Corbeau, Corbeau Noir, Folle Noire d l'Ariege, Mauvais Noir, Ocanette, Plant de Montmélian, Picot Rouge, Plant de Turin, Plant Noir, Turin ( France ); Bonarda, Serbina, Turca ( Italy ); Charbono ( California ). By the end of the 19th century, it was one of the most widespread varieties of Savoy and was called Corbeau (crow) outside of it because of its dark-colored wine. To Pierre Galet (1921-2019) mentioned variety Douce Noire Grise but there is no relationship. However, according to analyzes carried out in 2009, there is a close relationship with the variety Mondeuse Noire,
The assumption made by Galet that it was identical to Dolcetto and that it had come from Italy to France came up in 2006 DNA analysis proven wrong. Other puzzles and misunderstandings have also been clarified through further analyzes. The variety cultivated in California under the name Charbono is independent and not identical with the (today without meaning) "true" Charbono from Piedmont, but with Douce Noire. The variety grown in Argentina under Bonarda has neither with Bonarda Piemontese, nor with the other (each independent) Bonarda varieties a connection, but is also identical to Douce Noir. Douce Noir is therefore not allowed with the varieties Bonarda Piemontese. Charbono or Dolcetto be confused.
The variety is in France cultivated on a few hectares in Savoy and the Jura. In Italy occupies a total of 815 hectares under the above synonyms. And when Charbono were in California 34 hectares covered. In Argentina but it is very successful and occupies 18,127 hectares under the (false) name Bonarda, especially in the areas Mendoza and San Juan, The late-ripening vine produces fruity red wines for quick enjoyment. The variety occupied a total of 18,976 hectares in 2010. Compared to 1990 with 17,653 hectares at the time, this means a slight increase. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 40.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)