The Portuguese wine-growing region is named after the roughly 900-kilometer-long river of the same name, along which it is often very named steep Hang with extreme Tilt the vineyards are located. This arises in the Spanish province of Soria ( Castile and Leon ), flows through "Northern Spain" as "Duero" and then as "Douro" northern Portugal until it finally reaches the city postage flows into the Atlantic. The river forms the Portuguese-Spanish border for over 100 kilometers; after that, the port wine region extends for as long in Portugal,
Already in 1756 was under the then Prime Minister Marques de Pombal (1699-1782) to protect the authenticity of the port wine the Douro area as one of the oldest origin protected The world's wine regions were first defined within their boundaries and later classified as a DOC area. However, the “Vinho do Porto” or “Porto” is not named after its area of origin Douro, but after the port city from where it is shipped. For over two centuries, this was only true for port wine. It was only in 1979 that this was extended to unsprit wines. Above all, the successes of the famous red wine "Barca Velha" of the winery contributed Ferreira, but later also the "Redomo" by Niepoort and the "Grande Escolha" by Quinta do Côtto.
Like everyone waters The river has a positive effect on viticulture or creates the conditions for this by forming valley slopes. It is actually a double appellation, whereby "Douro = normal wine" and "Porto e Douro = port wine" means. In 2001 the classic port wine range Douro (Alto Douro) was declared a UNESCO World Heritage explained. Of the total area of almost 40,000 hectares, 33,000 hectares are classified for port wine (slate soils) and 7,000 hectares for normal wine (granite soils). Depending on the quality of the vintage, around half of them are also processed as normal wines by the port wine departments. The grape varieties are practically the same as for the port wine. The recommended ones must make up at least 60%. Wines of non-approved varieties are called country wines (Vinho Regional) under the name Duriense marketed. Many wineries produce both port and normal wines. See a list of well-known producers under the keyword port wine,