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22.777 Keywords • 48.496 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.909 Pronunciations • 151.262 Cross-references

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drinking King

Ancient Roman name (lat. "Rex bibendi" or "Rex convivii") for a function during a drinking according to certain rules (Commisatio); see below Satyricon,

The Roman poet Gaius Petronius Arbiter (14-66) wrote this 20-volume only in fragments surviving novel. In it, a humorous-realistic, partly grotesque moral portrait of the social conditions in the Rome of the first century is described. The protagonist and narrator is an educated, eclectic young man named Encolpius, who travels all over southern Italy. Between many erotic-amorous adventures with persons of both sexes and many rascal pranks, he is on his journey in the coastal town of Puteoli (today's Pozzuoli in Campania ). Here he participates with his companion Giton, his friend Ascyltos and the rhetor Agamemnon in a very lavish and remarkable banquet of the newly rich and illiterate multimillionaire Trimalchio (a wine merchant).

Satyricon - Petronius (bust) and picture

This episode, known as "Cena Trimalchionis", is the main section of the fragments. It is also an excellent source for the typical dishes, drinks and table manners of the upper classes of the early Roman Empire. The Cena was the main meal of the day among the higher classes and took place in the late afternoon (beginning at 3 to 4 pm), usually after a bathing visit. Especially the drinking culture relevant parts of the present banquet with explanatory background information come from Christopher Daniel (work for the University of Erlangen), who has kindly given his consent for their use.

Water and wine played an important role as drink in the everyday life of the Romans. The consumption of pure water was not common with a cena (especially in rich circles), but was an indispensable part of every meal to dilute the wine. Wine was drunk almost every meal (rarely for breakfast), but especially for the main meal. Even with the appetizers (Gustatio) light wine was enjoyed, preferably the very popular honey wine Mulsum, Wine was considered a staple food. Consumption was correspondingly high with a daily amount of 0.8 to 1 liter per male and 0.5 liters per female inhabitant of Rome in the imperial era. Slaves also had a claim for that, and they certainly had to be content with simple quality.

In the "Cena Trimalchionis", the host instructs you to mix a powerful pot (a large vessel) and also to...

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