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drum types

forme de futaille (F)
type of cask (GB)
tipo di fusto (I)

The wooden barrel counts next to the amphora made of clay to the oldest wine vessels. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) mentioned those made from palm wood, in which wine after Babylon was transported. The Celts used from about 600 BC. Chr. Wooden barrels on a larger scale for wine transportation. The conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar around 50 BC. The manufacturing skill was taken over by the Romans. They mainly used fir wood. Remains of wooden barrels (cupas) were, for example, in Pompeii found. Today is mainly used for the production of wine barrels Oak wood Made from French or American oak, but acacia and chestnut are also very popular. A distinction is made between round barrel (most common shape), drum barrel (shorter than the belly diameter) and oval barrel (higher than wide). Wooden barrels are primarily used for the storage and transport of wines, but are also used for barrel fermentation used. They are also an ideal expansion tank for high-quality wines that are used for Barrique respectively. barrel aging need a slow supply of oxygen through the breathing wood to mature.

Barrel types - barrique, piece barrel, stainless steel tank, wooden mash tank

In Thuier in the south of France there is an oak barrel with a volume of 1,000,200 l, which is suitable for an aperitif Byrrh is used. However, two other two exhibits are vying for the title of "largest wine barrel in the world". In the castle Heidelberg (Baden) is one with a volume of 221,726 liters that was once used as a wine barrel. It's even bigger Dürkheimer barrel (Palatinate) with a diameter of 13.5 meters and a volume of 1.7 million liters, which was manufactured as a showpiece and in which the "Restaurant Dürkheimer Fass" is housed. But also the 120,000 liter barrel of the sparkling wine producer Rotkäppchen-Mumm in Freyburg is impressive. A wide range of barrel names with different sizes are used in the individual countries. Some of the types listed are only units of measure. The world's five largest wooden barrels are under largest barrel in the world described. See further lists below barrel. barrel and wine vessels,

Name - use

Volume in liters

Use in countries

anchor 34-45 different countries
Antalag (Antal, Anthal, Antalak) 50-75 Hungary
Barile smaller barrel Italy
barrel 119 England, United States
Barrique 225 (up to 350) worldwide
concrete barrel 900 different countries
Bocoy 663 Cuba, Spain
Bota 500-650 Jerez - Spain
Butt 573 England
Carato (Caratello) 200-300 Italy
Carretada 500 Jerez - Spain
cognac 350 Cognac - France
champagne 205 Champagne - France
charge 900 Médoc - France
DOUIL 450 Médoc - France
stainless steel differently worldwide
Feuillette 114, 132-136 Burgundy (Chablis) - France
Foudre 1000, 3000 u. more France
fuder 960, 1000 Moselle, Saar - Germany
drove barrel (Fuhrfassl) 800 Austria
fermenter differently different countries
container differently different countries
Göncer barrel (Gönci hordó) 135-145 Hungary
Hogshead 238 England, United States
Wooden barrel ( large wooden barrel ) differently worldwide
skid 458, 637, 786, 796 different countries
Latfass (Ladfass) differently Germany
muid (Demimuid) 1300 (650) South France
ohm 134-175 different countries
hogshead 210-290 Europe
pièce 205, 215, 228 Burgundy, Chamapgne - France
Pipe (Pipa) differently international
poinçon (Ponchon) 200-300 France
port wine (see below Pipe ) differently Portugal
Puncheon (Firkin, Tertian) 318 England, United States
puttony 24-28 kg Tokaj-Hegyalja - Hungary
Quartaut 57, 114 France
queue 456 Burgundy - France
rebarriQue differently different countries
rundlet 68 England, United States
sherry (see below Bota ) differently Jerez - Spain
Stakvat differently international
piece (Half, quarter, double, three) 1200 Germany
Szerednyeer barrel (Sz. Hordó) 200-220 Tokaj-Hegyalja - Hungary
Tierce 159 England, United States
Tiercon 500 France - for cognac
Tokaj (please refer Szerednyeer barrel ) 200-220 Tokaj-Hegyalja - Hungary
Tonel 1000 and more Portugal
Tonneau 900 France
To do (Volume) 955 England, United States
Vierlig (Vierling) 600 Baden - Germany

All tools, work and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,

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