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drum types

forme de futaille (F)
type of cask (GB)
tipo di fusto (I)

The wooden barrel is next to the amphora from clay to the oldest wine vessels. The Greek historian Herodotus (482-425 BC) mentioned those made of palm wood, in which wine after Babylon was transported. The Celts used from about 600 BC Chr. Holzfässer on a larger scale for the wine transport. By the conquest of Gaul by Julius Caesar to 50 BC. Chr., The manufacturing skill was taken over by the Romans. These used mainly fir wood. Remains of wooden barrels (Cupas) were for example in Pompeii found. For the production of wine barrels today becomes predominantly Oak wood used in French or Amrican oaks, but also acacia and chestnut are very popular. According to the form, a distinction is made in round barrel (most common form), in drum barrel (shorter than the belly diameter) and in oval barrel (higher than wide). Wooden barrels are mainly used for the storage and transport of wines, but are also used in the barrel fermentation used. They are also an ideal expansion container for high-quality wines, which in the Barrique or. barrel aging need a slow supply of oxygen through the breathing wood for their maturation.

Barrel types - Barrique, Barrel, Stainless steel tank, Mash-wood tank

In Thuier-South France exists an oak barrel with 1.000.200 l volume, which is suitable for the aperitif Byrrh is used. However, two other two exhibits are competing for the title "largest wine wood barrel in the world". In the castle Heidelberg (Baden) is one with 221,726 liters of volume that was once used as a wine barrel. That's even bigger Dürkheim barrel (Palatinate) with a diameter of 13.5 meters and a volume of 1.7 million liters, which was manufactured as a showpiece and in which the "Restaurant Dürkheimer barrel" is housed. But also the 120,000-liter keg of sparkling wine Rotkäppchen-Mumm in Freyburg is impressive. In the individual countries, various barrel designations with different sizes are in use. In part, the listed types but only more units of measurement. The world's five largest wooden barrels are under largest barrel in the world described. See further listings under barrel. barrel and wine vessels,

Designation - Use

Volume in liters

Use in countries

anchor 34 - 45 different countries
Antalag (Antal, Anthal, Antalak) 50 - 75 Hungary
Barile smaller barrel Italy
barrel 119 England, USA
Barrique 225 (up to 350) worldwide
concrete barrel 900 different countries
Bocoy 663 Cuba, Spain
Bota 500 - 650 Jerez - Spain
Butt 573 England
Carato (Caratello) 200-300 Italy
Carretada 500 Jerez - Spain
cognac 350 Cognac - France
champagne 205 Champagne - France
charge 900 Médoc - France
DOUIL 450 Médoc - France
stainless steel differently worldwide
Feuillette 114, 132-136 Burgundy (Chablis) - France
Foudre 1000, 3000 u. more France
fuder 960, 1000 Moselle, Saar - Germany
drove barrel (Fuhrfassl) 800 Austria
fermenter differently different countries
container differently different countries
Göncer barrel (Gönci hordó) 135 - 145 Hungary
Hogshead 238 England, USA
Wooden barrel ( big wooden barrel ) differently worldwide
skid 458, 637, 786, 796 different countries
Latfass (Ladfass) differently Germany
muid (Demimuid) 1300 (650) South France
ohm 134 - 175 different countries
hogshead 210-290 Europe
pièce 205, 215, 228 Burgundy, Chamapgne - France
Pipe (Pipa) differently international
poinçon (Ponchon) 200-300 France
port wine (see below Pipe ) differently Portugal
Puncheon (Firkin, Tertian) 318 England, USA
puttony 24 - 28 kg Tokaj-Hegyalja - Hungary
Quartaut 57, 114 France
queue 456 Burgundy - France
rebarriQue differently different countries
rundlet 68 England, USA
sherry (see below Bota ) differently Jerez - Spain
Stakvat differently international
piece (Half, quarter, double, three) 1200 Germany
Szerednye barrel (Sz. Hordó) 200 - 220 Tokaj-Hegyalja - Hungary
Tierce 159 England, USA
Tiercon 500 France - for cognac
Tokaj (please refer Szerednye barrel ) 200 - 220 Tokaj-Hegyalja - Hungary
Tonel 1000 and more Portugal
Tonneau 900 France
Do (Volume) 955 England, USA
Vierlig (Vierling) 600 Baden - Germany

All aids, works and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle one finds below Weingarten Care, Complete listings of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as a list of the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,

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