The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.777 Keywords • 48.496 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.909 Pronunciations • 151.262 Cross-references

0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Dunavska Ravnina

One of the winegrowing regions (Danube plain) in Bulgaria; look there.

Bulgaria is one of the oldest winegrowing countries in Europe. The origins on the territory of today's state suggest based on archaeological finds and surviving texts to a beginning already 5,000 years ago. Thracian tribes cultivated north and south of the Balkan Mountains Wild vines and operated a pronounced cult in honor of the wine god Dionysos, The Thracians will cultivate the oldest Bulgarian grape varieties or their ancestors such as Mavrud. Pamid. Dimyat, Melnik ( Shiroka Melnishka ) and Gamza ( kadarka ) attributed. At the time of the Roman Empire, wine was out Thrace a coveted export article Greece. Sicily, Asia Minor (Anatolia in the present day Turkey ) and Egypt,

In the Middle Ages, viticulture through the monasteries with their extensive vineyards reached its peak. In 1393, the Bulgarian Empire was conquered by the Turks and remained under Muslim rule for nearly 500 years until 1878. It was just the production of table grapes allowed. The alcohol ban ultimately led to a strong threat to viticulture. How important viticulture was taken by the state shows that immediately after the Ottoman rule in 1879, a wine law was passed before the constitution was passed. On a larger scale, however, viticulture was resumed only after the First World War and only by small wine growers with autochthonous Varieties operated.

After the Second World War, wine production gradually became industrialized in the years of socialism. A collective system was introduced, viticulture schools founded and European grape varieties planted. In the 1960s, Bulgaria became a major wine exporting country. Until the 1960s, the largest quantities of wine were made from the traditional varieties. Temperable fermentation tanks were rather the exception. With the export-oriented wine industry, the proportion of Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot and Sauvignon Blanc has increased. As a result, as well as the introduction of a high-rider education and modern cellar technology came the big export successes. In 1970, the vineyards covered about 150 000 hectares for wine production.

The political change in 1989 led to a rethink. In 1990, the state wine-growing monopoly VINPROM was dissolved and most companies privatized. This surprised the new owners unprepared, who often brought with them no viticulture knowledge. From the year 2000, however, things went uphill. Since then, not mass, but quality is in the foreground. There were many family wineries. In addition, due to the excellent winemaking conditions, many foreign investors came to Bulgaria. By joining the EU in 2007, there were good sales prospects in the European market. The simultaneous loss of other markets (Russia, North Africa) reduced the need for lower wine quality.


There are five winegrowing regions divided into subregions. The climate and the soil quality offer excellent conditions for viticulture. The country is located in the center of the Balkan Peninsula on the same latitudes as the Tuscany and Bordeaux between the temperate continental and the Mediterranean climate belt. The various mountain formations such as Pirin, Rhodope and, above all, the Balkan mountain range that runs through the country in an east-west direction protect the country from Aegean and Adriatic climatic influences. The humid Atlantic influences have the largest climate determining role.

Dunavska Ravnina (Danube plain) - North
The gently rolling countryside between Danube and Balkan...

World's largest wine knowledge database, made with by our author Norbert Tischelmayer.

About the Glossary


Privacy Notice: ×

Cookies facilitate the provision of our services. By using our services, you agree that we use cookies.