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Dunavska Ravnina

One of the winegrowing regions (Danube Plain) in Bulgaria; look there.

Bulgaria is one of the countries with the oldest viticultural tradition in Europe. The origins on the territory of today's state indicate that it started 5,000 years ago due to archaeological finds and traditional texts. Thracian tribes cultivated north and south of the Balkan Mountains Wild vines and practiced a distinctive cult in honor of the wine god Dionysos, The Thracians are cultivated like the oldest Bulgarian grape varieties or their ancestors Mavrud. Pamid. Dimyat, Melnik ( Shiroka Melnishka ) and Gamza ( kadarka ) attributed. Wine was out at the time of the Roman Empire Thrace a coveted export item Greece. Sicily, Asia Minor (Anatolia in today's Turkey ) and Egypt,

In the Middle Ages, viticulture reached a peak through the monasteries with their extensive vineyards. The Bulgarian empire was conquered by the Turks in 1393 and remained under Islamic rule for almost 500 years until 1878. It was just the production of table grapes allowed. The alcohol ban ultimately led to a strong threat to viticulture. The importance of viticulture from the state shows that a wine law was passed immediately after the Ottoman rule in 1879, before a constitution was passed. Viticulture was only resumed on a larger scale after the First World War and only by small winegrowers autochthonous Varieties operated.

After the Second World War, wine production was gradually industrialized in the years of socialism. A collective system was introduced, wine-growing schools were founded and European grape varieties were planted. In the 1960s Bulgaria developed into an important wine export country. Until the 1960s, the largest amounts of wine were made from the traditional varieties. Temperature-controlled fermentation tanks were rather the exception. The share of the Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot and Sauvignon Blanc varieties then rose with the export economy. As a result, as well as the introduction of high pole education and modern cellar technology, the great export successes came. In 1970, the vineyards for wine production comprised around 150,000 hectares.

The political change in 1989 led to a rethink. In 1990, the state wine monopoly VINPROM was dissolved and most of the businesses were privatized. This unprepared surprised the new owners, who often had no knowledge of viticulture. From the year 2000, however, things went uphill. Since then, the focus has not been on quantity but quality. Many family wineries were created. In addition, many foreign investors came to Bulgaria due to the excellent wine-growing conditions. By joining the EU in 2007, there were good sales prospects on the European market. The simultaneous loss of other markets (Russia, North Africa) reduced the need for lower wine quality.


There are five wine-growing regions, which are divided into sub-regions. The climate and the soil quality offer excellent conditions for viticulture. The country lies in the center of the Balkan Peninsula at the same latitude as that Tuscany and Bordeaux between the temperate continental and the Mediterranean climate belt. The various mountain formations such as Pirin, Rhodope Mountains and above all the Balkan mountain range running east-west across the country protect the country from Aegean and Adriatic climatic influences. The damp Atlantic influences have the greatest climate-determining role.

Dunavska Ravnina (Danube Plain) - north
The gently undulating landscape between Danube and Balkan Mountains are crossed by many...

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