General term for the period of time specified in most years, during which a wine is enjoyable drinking or without excessive taste impairment. The often used generalized slogan "the older the better" is wrong, because that only applies to wines with aging potential and can only be expected for top quality wines. The beginning is the marketing time, the simple one red wine and intended for quick enjoyment White wine even the maturity means. For top wines there is a long-standing process with 5, 10, 15 years and more bottle aging, At some point then the climax is reached, whereby this is by no means to be understood as "due date", but means a longer phase. At some point he starts " reduce, and is finally inedible at the end of life or " dead ".
However, the consumption trend today is clearly in the direction of rapidly enjoyable wines (albeit with a somewhat declining tendency). That is why mainly such young wines and shelf life has become less important (but it should be noted that the trend is reversing slowly). In a few wine guides a prognosis is given about the shelf life or the presumably best drinking period; for example, Robert Parker, as well as from the wine internet platform Wein-Plus (see under again tasting ). For wine, however, it can not be determined beyond doubt whether it is still edible at a certain age, so an indication of this would be Best before date also not useful. This is another reason why drinks> 10% vol alcohol content No information is required.
The durability or longevity is an important criterion for the quality of a wine. As a rule, a high-quality wine is also more durable. A number of factors are significant, with the prerequisites for several reasons red wines better than at White wines are. First of all, he plays vintage or the growth cycle a certain role that provides the basis or the equipment, so to speak. Another criterion is the potential of vine because some of them are particularly predestined for longevity. These include Aglianico. Baga. Chenin Blanc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Furmint. Merlot. Nebbiolo. Petit Manseng. Riesling. Sangiovese. Saperavi. Sémillon. Shiroka Melnishka. Syrah. Tannat. Tempranillo and Xinomavro, Most of them are red wines with small, thick-skinned and thus tannin and rich extracts Berry.
An important factor is the nature of the winemaking, A maceration in wooden barrels, as well as one barrel aging or. Barrique contribute to longevity. Higher proportions of certain ingredients in a balanced ratio have a positive effect. alcohol. acids and tannins inhibit / prevent the growth of unwanted microorganisms. sugar ensures slow fermentation and sulfur protects against oxidation, The longevity of white wines with high sugar content to prove Trockenbeerenauslese and Eiswein, Also the correct storage in the wine cellar or Wine Cabinet with optimal temperature and humidity plays an important role. Last but not least, a tight bottle cap protects against oxygen and spoilage, as well as a dark one bottles of Color from harmful UV light and so on wine errors,
An often asked question is whether sparkling wine (this means champagne or sparkling wine ) is suitable for a longer storage and as a high quality Still wine further developed. This can be answered with "no", because as a rule, he has already reached the peak from the marketing. This means that, with a few exceptions, sparkling wines should be drunk as soon as possible after purchase. This is also the reason why many producers date (year) the Dégorgements on the label (see also under Récemment dégorgé ). Some producers also produce storable products such as jug,
Even more than with still wine, proper storage is important for sparkling wine. Optimal is a constant temperature of 10 to 15 ° Celsius, sufficient humidity and darkness (see in this regard also wine cellar ). at spirits There is hardly any change or qualitative development in the bottle. For quality, only the maturation period before bottling is decisive. Unlike sparkling wines, however, spirits can be stored for many years (decades) without loss of quality. See topic group also under oldest wines. Wine of the century and most expensive wines in the world,