General term for the period of time, usually in years, during which a wine is enjoyable to drink or without too much taste impairment. The often used generalizing slogan "the older the better" is wrong, because this only applies to wines with aging potential and can only be expected for top quality wines. The beginning is the time of marketing that at simple red wine and intended for quick enjoyment White wine even that Ready to drink means. For top-quality wines there is a long-standing process with 5, 10, 15 years and more Bottle aging. At some point, the climax will be reached, which is by no means to be understood as “due date”, but means a longer phase. At some point he starts " dismantle, and is ultimately inedible at the end of life or " dead ".
However, the consumption trend today is clearly in the direction of quickly edible wines (although with a somewhat declining trend). Therefore, mainly such Young wines produced and the durability has become less important (but it should be noted that the trend is slowly reversing). In a few Wine guides a forecast is made about the shelf life or the best drinking period; for example from Robert Parker, as well as from the wine internet platform Wein-Plus (see under Re-tasting ). With wine, however, it cannot be determined with certainty whether it is still edible at a certain age, so an indication about that would be Best before date also not possible or not useful. This is also the reason why beverages with more than 10% vol Alcohol content No information is required.
The durability or longevity is an important criterion for the quality of a wine. As a rule, a high-quality wine is also more durable. A number of factors are important, with the prerequisites for several reasons Red wines better than at White wines are. First of all, he plays vintage or the Vegetation cycle a certain role that provides the basis or the armament, so to speak. Another criterion is the potential of the Grape variety, because certain of them are particularly predestined for longevity. These include, among others Aglianico, Baga, Chenin Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Furmint, Merlot, Nebbiolo, Petit Manseng, Riesling, Sangiovese, Saperavi, Semillon, Shiroka Melnishka, Syrah, Tannate, Tempranillo and Xinomavro. Most of them are red wine varieties with small, thick-skinned and therefore tannins and rich in extracts Berry.
An important factor is the type of Winemaking. A Mash fermentation in wooden barrels, as well as a Barrel removal respectively. Barrel expansion contribute to longevity. Higher proportions of certain ingredients in a balanced ratio have a positive effect. alcohol, Acids and Tannins inhibit / prevent the growth of undesirable Microorganisms, sugar ensures slow fermentation and sulfur protects against oxidation. The longevity of white wines with high Sugar content to prove Read out dry berries and Ice wines. Proper storage in the Wine cellar or Wine climate cabinet with optimal temperature and humidity plays an important role. Last but not least, a tight bottle cap protects you oxygen and therefore spoilage, as well as a dark one Bottle color from harmful UV light and so before Wine defects.
A frequently asked question is whether Sparkling wine (this means champagne or sparkling wine ) is suitable for longer storage and looks like a high-quality one Still wine developed further. You can answer that with "no", because as a rule it has already reached its peak from marketing. This means that with few exceptions, sparkling wines should be drunk as soon as possible after purchase. This is also the reason why many producers use the date (year) of the Dégorgements on the label (see also under Récemment dégorgé ). Some producers also produce storable products such as jug.
Proper storage is even more important for sparkling wine than with still wine. Optimal is a constant temperature of 10 to 15 ° Celsius, sufficient humidity and darkness (see also under Wine cellar ). At spirits there is hardly any change or qualitative development in the bottle. Only the ripening time before bottling is decisive for the quality. In contrast to sparkling wine, spirits can be stored for many years (decades) without loss of quality.