The red grape comes from France, Synonyms are Cabernet Duras, Durade, Duras, Durasca, Duras Femelle, Duras Male, Duras Rouge and Durazé. The name derives from "dur" (hard) and refers to the hard wood of the vine. It cannot be made with the Italian variety Ner d'Ala (Dúras) can be confused. According to a non-verifiable hypothesis, it is said to be a descendant of Cato (234-149 BC) and Columella (1st century AD) mentioned ancient grape Be duracina. It was first mentioned reliably in 1842 Gaillac in Southwest France, According to in 2013 DNA analysis it comes from a presumably natural cross between Tressot Noir x Savagnin Blanc ( Traminer ). However, this is based on only 20 DNA markers (see under molecular Genetics ). Previously, she had been the parent variety of Tressot Noir.
The medium-ripening vine is susceptible to Black spots disease, Real mildew and eutypa dieback, It produces dark red, full-bodied and alcohol-rich red wines with strong acidity and a peppery note. The variety is grown in the Tarn department. In 2010, 892 hectares of vineyards were reported with a downward trend.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)