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Durif

The red grape variety comes from France, Synonyms are Dure, Duret, Petite Sirah, Petite Syrah, Pinot de l'Hermitage, Pinot de Romans, Plant Durif, Serine des Mauves and Sirane Fourchue. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Béclan. Béquignol Noir. dureza (Duret) peloursin. Pinot Noir and Syrah be confused. The lineage or parenthood could only be clarified towards the end of the 1990s, although for a long time there was great confusion due to the different spellings of the synonym Petite Sirah (with "i") or Petite Syrah (with "y"). The variety originated in France, but the reason for the confusion lies or was more than 100 years ago in the United States - California,

Durif - grape and leaf

In the 1860s, the breeder François Durif experimented in Tullins in the Isère department intersections, In 1868 the ampelographer mentioned Victor Pulliat (1827-1896) a creation by Durif under the name Plant du Rif and praised it for its resistance to counterfeiters mildew, In 1884, the California winemaker Charles McIver imported French vines from the Linda Vista Winery in San Jose, which are probably the varieties Durif (under the name Petite Sirah), Peloursin, Pinot Noir and probably also Syrah under the name Petite Syrah ( traded with "y"); although the latter was officially introduced only in 1936 (in the late 19th century, Petite Syrah became a small-berry in France clone the Syrah uses). Then she hit there phylloxera to and when everything was replanted from 1897, the higher-yielding Durif variety was preferred to the Syrah, so that all the varieties mentioned were mixed in the new vineyards. The mess was perfect.

The ampelographer Paul already had in the 1970s Truel (* 1924) claims that Durif and Petite Sirah are identical. And the oenologist Dr. Harold P. Olmo (1909-2006) said that at least three different varieties are named Petite Sirah. This was then done by Dr. Carole Meredith in 1996 at the University of California in collaboration with the biologist Jean-Michel Boursiquot (* 1958) Montpellier done DNA analysis approved. In 1999 it turned out that the Durif variety came from a cross peloursin x Syrah was created (the correct mother variety had already been specified by Durif). In further analyzes it was then proven that the varieties referred to as Petite Sirah in California are largely the Durif, in smaller cases Syrah, Peloursin or Pinot Noir. So there were mixed varieties of "parents and children" and other varieties in the vineyards. The puzzle of the Durif variety had finally been solved.

The late ripening vine is sensitive to wintry frost, prone to Botrytis and black rot but resistant to the wrong people mildew, It produces vivid, tannic, full-bodied red wines with aging potential, which as teinturier used, as well as expanded by type. The variety is now only in small quantities in Southwest France cultivated where they are in the field palette is allowed.

Overseas it occupies acreage in Australia (417 ha), Brazil. Chile (104 ha), Israel. Mexico (133 ha) and South Africa, and especially in the United States (2,865 ha) mostly in California, The variety under the name Petite Sirah / Syrah is very popular here - there is even a fan website "PS I Love You". She will be there in the fields Central Valley. Napa Valley and Sonoma County grown. There are additional stocks in the state Washington, The variety occupied a total of 3,557 hectares of vineyards in 2010. Compared to 2000 with 1,197 hectares at the time, this is three times the amount. It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 133.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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