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Durif

The red variety comes from France, Synonyms include Dure, Duret, Petite Sirah, Petite Syrah, Pinot de l'Hermitage, Pinot de Romans, Plant Durif, Serine des Mauves and Sirane Fourchue. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the varieties Béclan. Béquignol Noir. dureza (Duret) peloursin. Pinot Noir and Syrah be confused. The descent or parenting could only be clarified towards the end of the 1990s, although there was a long time also due to the different spellings of the synonym Petite Sirah (with "i") or Petite Syrah (with "y") great confusion. Although the variety originated in France, the reason for the confusion was more than 100 years ago United States - California,

Durif - grape and leaf

In the 1860s, the breeder François Durif experimented in Tullins in the Département Isère intersections, In 1868, the ampelographer Victor mentioned Pulliat (1827-1896) a creation of Durif under the name Plant du Rif and praised her for her resistance against falsities mildew, In 1884, Californian winemaker Charles McIver of the Linda Vista Winery in San Jose imported French vines, probably Durif (under the name Petite Sirah), Peloursin, Pinot Noir and probably Syrah under the name Petite Syrah ( with "y"); although the latter was officially introduced only in 1936 (in the late 19th century Petite Syrah became a small-berry in France clone the Syrah used). Then there struck the phylloxera and when everything was replanted from 1897, the more productive Durif variety of the Syrah was preferred, so that in the new vineyards all the varieties mentioned were cultivated in the mixed set. The mess was perfect.

As early as the 1970s, the ampelographer Paul Truel (* 1924) claims that Durif and Petite Sirah are identical. And the oenologist dr. Harold P. Olmo (1909-2006) said that at least three different varieties are named Petite Sirah. This was then Carole Meredith in 1996 at the University of California in collaboration with the biologist Jean-Michel Boursiquot (* 1958) Montpellier done DNA analysis approved. In 1999 it turned out that the variety Durif from a cross peloursin x Syrah originated (the correct mother had already given Durif). Further analysis has shown that most of the varieties referred to as Petite Sirah in California are Durif, in some cases Syrah, Peloursin or Pinot Noir. There were mixed in the vineyards "parents and child" and other varieties gathered. The riddle of the Durif variety was finally resolved.

The late-ripening vine is sensitive to wintry frost, prone to Botrytis and black rot, but resistant to wrong mildew, It produces colorful, tannin-stressed, full-bodied red wines with aging potential, which as teinturier used, as well as sorted. The variety is today but only in small amount in Southwest France cultivated where they are in the field palette is allowed.

In overseas it occupies cultivated areas in Australia (417 ha), Brazil. Chile (104 ha), Israel. Mexico (133 ha) and South Africa, and especially in the United States (2,865 ha) mostly in California, Here the variety under the name Petite Sirah / Syrah enjoys great popularity - there is even a fan site "PS I Love You". She will be there in the fields Central Valley. Napa Valley and Sonoma County grown. Other stocks exist in the state Washington, The variety took in 2010 a total of 3,557 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2000 with then 1.197 hectares that is the triple amount. It occupies the worldwide varieties ranking the rank 133.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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